Words

LIST 1

allegiance
    n. 忠诚 to swear allegiance to sb./sth. 宣誓效忠...
triumph
    n. 伟大胜利 it's a triumph over ...
diploma
    n. 毕业文凭
objection

startle
    v. 使吃惊 to startle sb. out of their wits
concede*
    vt. 不情愿地承认 I'll concede you that...
    vt. 让步 to concede to sth.
lame
    adj. 瘸腿的 to go lame
    adj. 缺乏说服力的
    vt. 使...腿瘸 be lamed in a riding accident
torrent
overlook
cape

LIST 2

eliminate
memory
    【考】 in memory of
memorial
    n. 纪念碑
    adj. 用做纪念的
memorandum
    n. 备忘录 to prepare or draw up a memorandum 拟定一份备忘录
commemorate
    vt. 作为对……的纪念 the stone commemorates the battle of Waterloo
recollect
    vt. 回忆起 I can recollect meeting the Governor 我能回忆起见州长的情形
    vi. 回忆 as far as I recollect 据我回忆
sane*
    adj. 神志正常的 it's the only thing that keep me sane
    adj. 明智的 sane thinking
lease*
    n. 租约 to take out a lease on an apartment
    vt. 出租 to lease (out) an apartment
tentative
    adj. 暂定的 tentative plans/proposals
    adj. 犹豫不决的 a tentative smile
seam
    n. 线缝 to be bursting at the seams
    vt. 缝合
slaughter*
    n. 屠宰
    vt. 屠宰
    vt. 彻底击败 to slaughter sb. at sth.
booth
    n. 电话亭;小隔间
disguise
    vt. 伪装 to disguise one's voice
    reflexive v. disguise oneself as
    n. 伪装 in disguise 化了妆
huddle*
    vi. 挤在一起 to huddle around sth.
instrumental*
    adj. 起重要作用的 to be instrumental in (doing) sth.
converge
deviate
    vi. 偏离 to deviate from one's beliefs
fabulous*
    adj. 极好的
inhabit
    v. 居住于
siege*
    n. 围困 to lay siege to sth. 对某处围攻
conduct
    n. 行为 code of conduct 行为规范
deduct*
    vt. 扣除
lever
blend
    vt. 混合 to blend A and B
ample
preside
    vi. 主持 to preside at a meeting
psychology
rash*
    n. 皮疹 to have a rash
radical
    adj. 激进的
inventory*
    n. 存货清单
pillar
    n. 柱子 to go/rush from pillar to post 四处奔走
antenna
    n. 天线

LIST 3

sip*
devise
    vt. 设计 his problem are of his own devising 他的问题完全是他自己造成的
bold
stadium
negligible
gaol/ jail
segregate*
invasion
    n. 侵略,大批涌入 an invasion of tourists
pervasive
    adj. 弥漫的;普遍的
precedent*
toast
isle*
    n. 岛 a desert isle
intrigue
    vt. 引起……的好奇心 I'm intrigued to know whether ...
stoop
    vi. 俯身 to stoop down / to stoop over ...
cater*
luggage
plausible
vice
    n. 恶心,有伤风化的行为 vice scandals
underneath
    prep. 在下面 the box underneath the bed
crust
    n. 面包皮 he'd share his last crust
    n. 谋生 to earn one's crust
lick
lest
confine
    vt. 禁闭 to be confined to bed
textile
grieve
provision
    n. 供给 to be responsible for the provision of education/transport
intelligible*
    adj. 明白易懂的
intelligence
    n. 智力 to be of high / low intelligence
    n. 情报,情报机构 according to the latest intelligence 根据最新情报
                      intelligence analysis 情报分析
                      false intelligence information
                      military / naval intelligence 军事/海军情报机构
                      to be in intelligence 从事情报工作
torch
appal
    vt. 使惊吓 to be appaled at/by sth.
dormitory

LIST 4

drain
    n. 下水道 to go down the drain 被浪费掉,完蛋
spade
    n. 铲子 a garden spade 园艺铲
gown*
    n. 女礼服 a wedding gown
vague
    adj. 模糊的 they had only a vague idea where the place was
deprive
    vt. 剥夺 to deprive sb. of sth.
rape*
petrol
    n. 汽油
specimen
defer
    vt. 推迟 to defer making a decision; to defer sentence 延期判刑
    vi. 遵从 to defer to sb./sth.
headquarters
foremost
arouse
utter
    adj. 十足的 an utter stanger
yell
    n. 叫喊 to give
tomb
keen
    adj. 渴望的 to be keen that sb. should do sth. 希望某人做某事
advisable
    adj. 可取的 it's advisable to... 明智的
stall
rectify
verge
    n. 频临 to be on the verge of sucess/sleep/a discovery 即将成功/快要睡着/即将发现
veteran
    n. 老手 a veteran of sth. 某方面的老手
monarch*
    n. 君主
thrive
    vi. <<person, child, animal plants>> 茁壮成长
    vi. 繁荣 to thrive on doing sth. 因为做某事而兴旺发达
             to thrive on hard work
splash
synthesis
    n. 综合,合成
deteriorate
    vi. 恶化 the economic outlook continued to deteriorate 经济前景持续恶化
confer
    vt. 授予 to confer sth. on sb.
             the body has the right to confer degress 这个团队有学位授予权
limp
    adj. 无力的 to let one's arm go limp
consent
    vi. 同意 to consent to sth. / to do sth. 同意某事
             to consent to sb. doing sth. 允许某人做某事

LIST 5

mischief
    n. 顽皮 to do sth. out of mischief 顽皮地做某事
            to get into mischief 淘气
            to keep sb. out of mischief 让某人安分
bosom
    n. 胸部
    n. 胸怀 to be in the bosom of the community 在社区的温暖怀抱中
reptile
    n. 爬行动物;卑鄙小人
rag
tuition
defendant
    n. 被告
edible
    adj. 可食用的 edible oil 食用油
reclaim
    vt. 开垦 to reclaim an erea from the jungle 从丛林里开辟出一块地
    vt. 回收利用
    vt. 拿回 some customers try to reclaim th
sober
    adj. 未醉的;严肃的
obsolete
    adj. 过时的;淘汰的
rural
    adj. 农村的
mobilise / mobilize
    vt. 动员 to mobilize sb. against sb. 动员某人抗击某人
feminine
cottage*
    n. 小屋;村舍
embryo
    n. 胚胎
    n. 萌芽状态 my novel is still in embryo
herald
    n. 传令官
    vt. 预示...的来临 to herald the new age
scorn
    n. 轻蔑 to treat sb. with scorn 轻蔑地对待某人
posture*
    n. 仪态 to have good/bad posture
    n. 立场,态度 to adopt or assume a posture 采取某种态度
relate
augment
    vt. 增加 to augment sth. with sth. / by doing sth. 以某事物/通过做某事增加某物
obligation
    n. (C countable) 义务 to have an obligation to do sth. 有义务做某事
                        to fullfil or meet one's obligations 尽义务
    n. (U ucountable) 责任 a sense of obligation 责任感
reckless*
    adj. 鲁莽的 it was very reckless of her to go out alone at night
                to be reckless of dangers/consequence 不顾危险/不顾后果
manoeuvre / maneuver*
    vt. 熟练谨慎地移动 she monoeuvred the car into the garage 她小心翼翼地把车开进车库
mock
linen
ounce
flourish
abide
    vt. 忍受 i can't abide that / doing that
    vi. 服从
personnel
fee

LIST 6

encounter
    vt. 遭遇;偶然碰到
    n. 邂逅 a brief/chance encounter 匆匆邂逅/巧遇
patron*
thermal
    adj. 热的 a thermal power station 热电站
    n. 上升热气流
acquaint
    vt. 使了解 to acquaint sb. with sth. 使某人了解某物
    relexive v. 使自己了解 to acquaint oneself with
lumber
    n. 木材
repertoire*
    n. 可表演节目 in sb.'s repertoire 在某人的节目单上
agony
    n. 极度痛苦 to prolong the agony 延长痛苦
definite
    adj. 明确的 definite evidence
overhaul
    vt. 彻底检修
    n. 彻底检修 to give sth. an overhaul
sturdy
    adj. 结实的 the bike is sturdy enough to cope with bumpy tracks 这辆自行车很结实,在颠簸的小道上骑没问题
fuss
undo
possess
    vt. 拥有
    vt. 支配 what possessed him to do that? 他着了什么魔居然做那种事情?
buffet
    n. 餐车;自助餐
    vt. 打击 they were buffeted by a major recession 他们受到经济大衰退的重创
permeate*
    vt. 渗透,弥漫 their attitude was permeated by a mood of defeat 他们的态度掺杂着失败的情绪
dam
    n. 水坝
narrative*
    adj. 叙述的 narrative skill 叙述技巧
vulgar*
    adj. 庸俗的
cripple
    n. 跛子;有缺陷的人 an emotional cripple 情感不健全的人
    vt. 使成跛子 to be crippled for life 终身跛足
liable
    adj. 可能的 to be liable to do sth.
liability
    n. 不利条件;负债;责任
immune
    adj. 有免疫力的 to be immune to or against sth. 对某种疾病有免疫力
    adj. 受保护的 to be immune from or to sth. 不受某事影响
    adj. 豁免的 to be immune from be prosecution 免予起诉
snap*
    n. 啪地一声;猛咬
slender
    adj. 苗条的
    adj. 微小的 slender change/hope/majority 很小的机会/渺茫的希望/微弱的多数
                to win by a slender margin 以微弱优势获胜
slender, slim, thin, skinny
slim
    adj. 苗条的;些许的 a slim chance
linger
rein*
    n. 缰绳 to pull at the reins 收缰
librarian
supreme
    adj. 至上的 to make the supreme sacrifice 作出最大的牺牲
conservative
    adj. 保守的;谨慎的 at a conservative estimate 据保守估计

LIST 7

liberal
    adj. 自由的 a liberal democratic party 自由民主党
trumpet
    n. 小号 to blow one's trumpet 自我吹嘘
heir
    n. 继承人 heir to the throne 王位继承人
intervene
    vi. 介入 to intervene on sb.'s behalf 代表某人出面干预
vacuum
    n. 真空
persecute
    vt. 迫害
numb
    adj. 失去知觉的 to be numb with cold 冻僵
    adj. 麻木的 numb with grief 悲伤得麻木
tiresome
canal
intact
    adj. 完好无损的 to survice intact 未受损伤地幸存下来
clutch
    vt. to clutch sth. in one's hand
wrist
temperament*
pastime
pact*
    n. 协定 a non-aggression pact 互不侵犯条约
wander
    vi. 闲逛 to wander around town 在城里闲逛
compartment
    n. 车厢 a sleeping/first-class compartment
comic*
    adj. 滑稽的,喜剧的 a comic writer 喜剧作家
    n. 喜剧演员
dash
bail
    n. 保释金 to remand sb. on bail 准某人交保候审
instability
    n. 不稳定 a time of great political instability 政治大动荡时期
hay
embassy
    n. 大使馆
tar
    n. 焦油沥青 a tar road
distill*
    vt. 蒸馏 to distill water
harsh*
    adj. 严厉的 to be harsh with or to sb./sth. 对某人某事严厉
betray
tray
    n. 托盘
revise
psychiatry*
    n. 精神病学

LIST 8

compulsory
    adj. 必修的,必须做的 compulsory education/military service 义务教育/兵役
bound ★
    past tense, past participle -> vt. bind 捆绑;束缚 he was bound over to keep peace 他被责令具保不再闹事
    adj. 一定的 to be bound to do sth. 一定会做某事
    adj. 有义务的 to be bound by sth. to do sth.
                  to be bound by custom/tradition to take part in the ceremony 按照风俗传统必须参加典礼
                  I'll be bound 我敢肯定
    adj. predicative 准备前往...的 to be bound for
withdraw
casualty
    n. 伤亡人员 to suffer heavy casualties 伤亡惨重
    n. 受害者 to be a casualty of sth. 是某事物的受害者
blunder
    n. 大错
    vi. 犯大错 blunder badly
    vi. 跌跌撞撞地走 he blundered into the table 他踉踉跄跄地撞上了桌子
    vt. 笨嘴拙舌地说
incentive*
    n. 刺激 to give sb. the incentive to do sth. 刺激某人做某事
    n. 优惠 export/tax incentive 出口/税收优惠
drift
    vi. 漂流
    vi. 顺其自然地发生 I'm content to let things drift 我喜欢顺其自然
                       he drifted through life/into marriage 他漫无目的地度过了一生/不经意间结了婚
spacious*
    adj. 宽敞的
grind
    vt. 磨碎 to grind corn into flour 把玉米磨成粉
    vt. 压迫 to grind sb. into submission 迫使某人屈从
vessel
    n. 船;血脉
representative
    adj. 典型的 the museum has a good representative collection of local flora and fauna 这个博物馆收藏了本地区动植物群的典型样本
    adj. 代表制的 a representative election 代表选举
    n. 代表 union representatives 工会代表
    n. 销售代理 area or local or reginal representative 地区销售代理
detain
setback*
    n. 挫折 to suffer a setback 遭受挫折
parade
    n. 游行行列 a parade of floats 游行彩车队伍
    n. 炫耀 to make a parade of sth. 炫耀
            to be on parade 在炫耀自己
    vt. (=advertise) 标榜 to parade sb./sth. as sth.
timber
    n. 木材 timber preservative/treatment/importer 木材防护防护剂/处理/进口商
blaze
    n. 火焰 in full blaze 熊熊燃烧
    n. 光辉 the gardens are a blaze of color 几座花园五光十色
    n. 迸发 a blaze of glory/anger/publicity 荣耀的闪现/勃然大怒/大力宣传
    vi. 熊熊燃烧;发亮光 the sun blazed over head 烈日当头
    vi. 射击 (with) all guns blazing 枪炮齐鸣
intimate
    adj. 亲密的 to have an intimate relationship with sb. 与某人关系密切
illusion
    n. 幻想 to have no illusions about the future 对未来不抱有任何幻想
sore
deposit
    vt. 存放 to deposit sth. with sb. 把某物托与某人保管
             to deposit money at a bank 把钱存入银行


obscure
    adj. 费解的;鲜为人知的;模糊的
    vt. 使费解
shatter*
    vt. 打碎;破坏;是精疲力竭
    vi. 碎裂 to shatter into pieces
clarity
    n.
dispose
    vt. 使倾向于 to dispose sb. to sth / to do sth.
profound
deem
twist
    vt. 转动 to twist a snot clockwise 顺时针转动旋钮
qualitative
    adj. 性质的 qualitative research 定性研究
reservoir

LIST 9

retention*
    n. 保留 the retention of skilled staff 熟练员工的留用
radiant*
    adj. 灿烂的 to be radiant with sth. 因...而容光焕发
    adj. 辐射的 radiant heat
climax
    n. 高潮,巅峰 to come to or reach a climax 达到巅峰
velocity
    n. 速度 to develop or gain/lose velocity 加速/减速
balcony*
herb*
glamour*
    n. 魅力 to lend glamour to sth. 为某物增添魅力
cab
rib
stern
    n. 严厉的 to be stern with sb. 对某人严厉
              to be made of sterner stuff 性格坚毅
mechanical
    adj. 机器驱动的 mechanical device/power 机械装置/动力
mechanism
    n. 机械装置;途径
    【考】 self-protecting mechanism
mechanic
    n. 技工
slam*
    vt. 砰的一声关上 to slam sth. shut
flap
    n. 帽檐,门帘,封盖
    n. 拍打声
plural
    adj. 复数的;多元的
    n. 复数 in the plural
quantitative
    adj. 量化的 quantitative research/analysis 定量研究/分析
erroneous
astronomy
    n. 天文学
cassette
    n. 盒式磁带
deficit
    n. 赤字 to be in deficit
obstacle
    n. 障碍 to clear/overcome an abstacle
digest
pedal
    n. 踏板
    vt. 用脚蹬 to pedal a bicycle
galaxy
    n. 星系
    n. 群英 a galaxy of stars/celebrities 明星/名人荟萃
scissors
    n. 剪刀 a pair of scissors 一把剪刀
            a scissors-and-paste job 剪刀加浆糊的拼凑之作
pilgrim*
esteem*
    n. 尊重 to hold sth./sb. in low esteem 对某物/某人评价低
    vt. 尊重 to esteem sth. an honour 把某事看作是荣誉
humid
ally
    n. 同盟国
    v. reflexive 结盟 to ally oneself with sb./sth. 与某人/某机构结盟
rouse
manufacture

LIST 10

detach
    vt. 使分开 to detach sth. from sth.
capital
insult
    n. 辱骂 to make insults about sb./sth. 辱骂某人/某事
orientation
    n. 培训;定向;态度
jury
    n. 陪审团 trial by jury 陪审团审判
offspring
    n. 幼仔;子女
explode
    vi. 爆炸;爆发 to explode into applause 爆发出鼓掌喝彩声
friction
    n. 摩擦力;不和 their is growing friction between management and workforce 劳资双方的摩擦不断加剧
loosen
    vt. 使变松 to loosen one's tile 松开领带
surplus
    n. 剩余,盈余 a trade surplus 贸易顺差
    adj. 剩余的 to be surplus to requirements 不需要
doze
    vi. 打瞌睡 doze off
    n. 瞌睡 to have a doze
siren
    n. 警报器 an air raid/police/ambulance/fire engine siren 空袭/警车/救护车/消防警报器
contaminate*
    vt. 污染
clasp
    vt. 握紧;抱紧 he clasped her hand 他紧紧握住她的手
    n. 紧握;搭扣
bibliography*
    n. 书目;参考文献
inward
    adj. 向内的;内心的 man's inward nature 人的心性
exquisite*
    adj. 精致的;优雅的
senator
    n. 参议员
pant
    vi. 气喘 to be panting for breath 上气不接下气
    vi. 渴望 to be panting for sth./to do sth. 渴望得到某物/做某事
    n. 气喘
contract
    n. 合同 to enter into a contract with sb. on sth. 就某事物与某人签订合同
    vt. 感染
    vt. 建立关系 he contracted a marriage/an alliance with her 他和她订了婚/结了盟
dim
    adj. 昏暗的;暗淡的 to take a dim view of sth. 对某物不太看好
                        in the dim and distant past 在遥远的过去
residence
    n. (C countable) 住所 a permanent residence 永久住所
    n. (U uncountable) 居住 place of residence 居住地
                          in residence 常驻的
heel
    n. 脚后跟 at the heels of sb. 紧随某人
              on the heels of their defeat came more troubles 他们失败后更多的麻烦接踵而来
    vi. 倾倒 the sheep was heeling over several degrees 船倾侧了几度
rim
    n. 边沿 the rim of the cup
bureau
    n. 办事处 an information bureau 问询处
    n. 局 immigration/census bureau 移民局/统计局
irony*
    n. (U) 反语 a touch or hint of irony 一丝嘲讽
    n. (C) 具有讽刺意味的事 the irony is that many people agree with her 讽刺的是,许多人同意她的看法
dazzle
    vt. 使目眩 my eyes were dazzled by the sun 阳光照得我睁不开眼
    vt. 使倾倒 to dazzle sb. with sth. 因某物使某人赞叹不已
curriculum

LIST 11

expertise
    n. 专长 expertise in sth. 在某方面的专长
            his expertise as a builder 他作为建筑工人的专业技能
mild
illustration
    n. 插图 in-text illustrations 文内插图
    n. 例证 by way of illustration 通过举例
aural
    adj. 听觉的;耳的 aural surgeon 耳外科医生
shuttle*
    n. 往返两地间的运输工具;航天飞机 space shuttle
    vt. 往返运行 to shuttle between A and B 往返于 A 和 B 之间
intermittent
    adj. 间歇的 intermittent rain 阵雨
cosmic
    adj. 宇宙的 a disaster of cosmic proportions 天大的灾难
motel
apartment
    n. 公寓套间
mob*
    n. 暴民 an angry mob of protestors 一群激愤的抗议者
            the Mob 犯罪集团
stereotype*
    n. 模式化观念 sexual/racial stereotypes 有关性/种族的条条框框
    vt. 对...行为模式化看法  to stereotype sb. as sth. 把某人模式化地归入某类
vocation
    n. 使命 to have a vocation to do sth. 有做某事的使命感
    n. [特别适合的]职业 to find one's vocation
petition
    n. 请愿书 to get up a petition for/against sth. 组织请愿要求/反对某事物
    n. Law 诉讼 to file a petition for sth.
    vt. 请求 to petition sb. for sth.
dye
skull*
stride
fatigued
    n. 疲劳
    vt. 使疲惫不堪
crack
    n. 裂缝 a crack in sth. 某物上的裂缝
            cracks over sth. 某物上的多处裂纹
deceit
grease
    n. 润滑油 to put grease on one's hair 给头发抹上发油
jungle
    n. 丛林 the law of the jungle 丛林法则
escort
    n. 护送部队 a military/police/armed escort 军队/警察/武装护送
                to put sb. under escort 使某人得到护送
vital
inference
    n. (U) 推断 by inference 通过推理
    n. (C) 推断结果 to draw an inference from 从...中得出结论
    类似:reference 参考
reference
    n. 参考 for future reference 以备日后参考
    n. 提及 a reference to sb. / sth. 对某人/某事物的提及
    with or in reference to ... 关于
flesh
    n. 肉;皮肤
swamp
feat*
    n. 功绩 a feat of engineering 非凡的工程
fate
    n. 天数;命运

LIST 12

stake
    n. 桩 to drive a stake through sth. 把桩子钉入某物
    n. 赌注 to put a stake on 对...押注
            to be at stake 有风险
surrender
endurance
    n. 忍耐力 past or beyond all endurance 忍无可忍
stripe
piston
verbal
    adj. 口头的 verbal skills/communication 语言表达技巧/语言交流
                verbal symbols
                verbal descriptions
thigh*
rotary
wrench
vaccine
    n. 疫苗
massacre*
conclude
    vt. 完成 to be concluded 下集播完
    vt. 推断 to conclude that sb. is innocent 判定某人无罪
intricate
    adj. 总错复杂的
futile*
clumsy
    adj. 笨拙的 to be clumsy with one's hand 双手笨拙
fascinate
    vt. 迷住 be fascinated by
             she really fascinates me 她令我神魂颠倒
spray
lofty*
    adj. 高耸的;崇高的 lofty sentiments 高尚的情操
staple*
    adj. 主要的 staple foods/industries 主食/基本工业
desolate
    adj. 无人居住的;荒芜的;悲伤的
    vt. 使...荒芜;使...悲伤
coach
    n. 长途汽车;教练;经济舱
console*
    vt. 安慰 to console sb. on or for sth. 就某事安慰某人
harness
    n. (for animal) 挽具;(for person) 保护带 to work in harness with sb. 与某人合作
    vt. 给...上挽具 to harness the ox to the cart 把牛套到大车上
orient
    n. 东方国家 the Orient
    vt. 使朝向 the greenhouses are oriented east-west 温室是东西向延长的
               a market-oriented economy

LIST 13

habitat*
opponent
    n. 对手;反对者
spectrum*
    n. 光谱
    n. 领域 at the other end of the spectrum 在领域的另一端
            a broad spectrum of views 广泛的不同意见
spectacle
    n. 精彩的表演;奇观
    spectacles n. plural 眼镜

spectacular
    adj. 壮观的 the erupting vocano was a specacular sight 这次火山爆发的景象很壮观
    adj. 惊人的 a spectacular rise in house prices 房价的暴涨
    n. 壮观场面
spectator
    n. 观众
prospective*
    adj. 预期的
retrospect*
    n. in retrospect 事后看来
 perspective
    n. 透视法;观点;权衡轻重的能力
    【考】 put sth. in perspective 客观地看待某事物
irrespective of
    prep. 不考虑,不管
smuggle
    vt. to smuggle sth. through or past customs 走私某物过海关
shrewd
    adj. 精明的 a shrewd move 高招
                have a shrewed idea that... 有...的机敏想法
swell
soar*
torment*
in reality
cabbage
moss
view
    [formal] in view of 鉴于 in view of the weather, the event will now be held indoors 由于天气的缘故,这项赛事现在要在室内进行
    a point of view 观点
cognitive*
    adj. 认知的 cognitive theory/science 认知理论/科学
barrel
    n. 桶 to have sb. over a barrel 使某人听从摆布
fertilizer
reception
    n. 接待 to get or be given a favourable/hostile reception 受到友好的/怀有敌意的接待
            the film got a favorable reception 影片收到良好的反响
    n. 招待会 an official/a wedding reception 正式招待会/婚宴
              to attend a reception 出席招待会
exempt*
    adj. 被免除的 to be exempt from sth. 免除某事物
                  be exempt from taxes this year 今年免税
    vt. 免除 to exempt sb./sth. from sth./doing sth. 免除...某事物/做某事
enforce
decent
    adj. 正派的;得体的 to make a decent living 过相当不错的生活
provoke
    vt. 激怒;挑衅 to provoke sb. to do sth. or into doing sth. 刺激某人做某事
    vt. 引起 his new book has provoked a great deal of controversy 他的新书引起了很大的争议
whereas
tissue
    n. 细胞组织;纸巾;一系列 a box of tissues 一包纸巾
                              a tissue of lies 一派胡言
originate
    vi. 起源 to originate in or from sth. 起源于某物
             to originate with sb. 源自某人
    vt. 创作
temple
urge
    n. 强烈欲望 i have a sudden urge to hit him 我突然很想揍他
    vt. 力劝;竭力主张 she urged him to stay 她竭力劝他留下
                       the report urged that all children should be taught to swim
    vt. 驱赶 he urged the sheep through the gate
hinge
slack
chaos

LIST 14

genuine
    n. 真实的 a genuin mistake 确定无疑的错误
weep
    vi. 哭泣 they wept with relief 他们欣慰地哭了
costume*
    n. 服装;戏装 national/period costume 民族/某一时期的服装
                  to be in costume 穿着戏装
fascinated
timid
    adj. 胆怯的
jazz
envisage*
    vt. 展望 to envisage sth. 设想
             it is envisaged that ... 预期...
carbon dioxide
dive
    vi. 跳水
    vi. 猛冲 to dive into the bushes 急忙钻到灌木丛里
authentic
    adj. 真品;真实可信的 an authentic Von Gogh 梵高的真迹
                          authentic account/data 真实的数据/描述
ventilate
pulse
biography
avert
    vt. 防止;将...移开 to avert one's eyes or gaze from sth. 不再看某物
divert
    vt. 使转向;改变...的用途;使愉悦
hover*
offensive
pirate
    n. 海盗;盗版者
    vt. 盗印;盗用
fume*
    vi. 冒烟;发怒 to fume at sth./sb. 为某事/对某人发怒
                   to fume with anger/impatience 怒气冲冲/极不耐烦
    n. [刺鼻有害的]气体
file
insure
diminish
tempt
    vt. 引诱 to be or feel tempted to do sth. 动心想做某事
             she tempted me to dive into the water 她诱使我潜入水下
saucer
    n. 茶托 cups and saucers 茶杯和茶碟
giggle*
throat
    n. 咽喉 it sticks in my throat 我难以启齿
prevail
    vi. 流行;占优势 to prevail over or against sth. 胜过某事物
prevalent
    adj. 流行的;普遍的
cop
nuisance
    n. 麻烦事 it's a nuisance that... 恼人的是...
    n. 讨厌的人 to be a nuisance to sb. 令某人讨厌
claw
issue

LIST 15

veil
contrive
    vt. 设法促成 to contrive to do sth. 设法做成某事
    vt. 出乎意料地做到 she contrived to spill the can of paint 她竟然弄得整罐油漆都洒了
judicial*
tramp
    n. 流浪者
    n. 沉重的脚步 i heard the tramp of feet 我听到了沉重的脚步声
    n. 远足 to go for a tramp 去远足
    对比:triumph 伟大胜利
sin
erosion
versus
    prep. 某事物相对于某事物 it's integration versus independence 这是统一还是独立的问题
perplex
    vt. 使困惑
inferior
    adj. 较差的 to be inferior to sb./sth. 比不上某人/某物
    adj. [Law] 下级的 an inferior court 初级法院
bounce
realm
cardinal*
priest
    n. 祭司;神父
lantern
    n. 灯笼 Lantern Festival
concession
    n. 让步 she made no concessions to his age 她丝毫不体谅他的年龄
    n. 折扣 a tax/travel concession 税收/旅行优惠
fridge*
roar
ultraviolet
abdomen*
glove
    n. 手套 to put on/take off one's glove 戴上/摘下手套
            the gloves are definitely off now 恶斗已经开始了
            to be hand in glove with sb. 有某人勾结
embarrass
    vt. 使尴尬 it embarrassed me to have to admit that... 我不得不承认..., 这使我很难堪
involve in
be involved
emperor
    n. 皇帝
analogy
    n. 类似 to draw an anology between sth. and sth. 将某物与某物作类比
texture*
    n. 手感;口感;质地;韵味

LIST 16

resist
    vt. 抵抗 to resist arrest 拒捕
             the body's ability to resist disease and infection 身体的抗病和抗感染能力
    vt. 拒绝...的诱惑 to resist doing sth. 忍住不做某事
                      i can't resist having another chocolate 我忍不住又吃了一块巧克力
resistant
    adj. 抵抗...的 be resistent to
resistance [rɪˈzɪstəns]
    n. 抵抗;抵制;抵抗力 【考】 disease resistance
persist
    vi. 持续存在;坚持不懈
elaborate
    adj. 精细的;精心策划的
    vt. 详细阐述
bronze
    n. 青铜
scrape
    vt. 刮 to scrape one's plate clean 把盘里的食物吃得一干二净
    vt. 勉强获得 to scrape a living 勉强度日
    vi. 勉强通过 to scrape past/trough sth. 勉强通过/穿过某物
missionary*
    n. 传教士
convey
    vt. 传到 to convey (to sb.) that... (像某人)传达...
watt
metropolitan
    adj. 大都市的 metropolitan New York
ornament
    n. 装饰 only for ornament
    vt. 装饰 to ornament sth. with sth.
senate
taboo
    n. 禁忌;禁止 a taboo on talking politics at dinner
    adj. 忌讳的 taboo words 禁忌词
weary
    adj. 疲惫的 to be weary in mind and body 身心疲惫
                to be weary of life 厌倦生活
    vi. 倦怠 to weary of sth./doing sth.
scar
imitation
    n. 效仿 to learn by imitation 通过模仿学习
persevere*
gasoline
auction*
    n. 拍卖 at auction 在拍卖会上
pretext
    n. 接口 under or on the pretext of sth./doing sth. 以某事/做某事为借口
chess
eligible*
    adj. 有资格的 to be eligible for sth./to do sth. 有资格做某事
liquor
    n. 酒 he can't hold his liquor 他容易喝醉
dusk
    n. 黄昏 at dusk 在黄昏时分
            dusk fails 黄昏到来
reward
    n. 报偿;酬金 as a reward for sth. 作为某事的奖励
    vt. 酬谢 to reward sb. for sth.
garment
    n. (一件)衣服
cordial
    adj. 热情友好的 to be cordial to or towards sb. 对某人热情
    n. 甜果汁饮料;烈性甜酒

LIST 17

stale
    adj. 不新鲜的;陈腐的 to smell stale 有霉味
                          stale news 老掉牙的新闻
    adj. 厌倦的 to get stale in a job 厌倦工作
dilemma
    n. 窘境 to be in a dilemma of sth. 在某事上进退两难
rage
    n. 狂怒 tembling/white/red with rage 气得发抖/脸色发白/涨红了脸
    vi. 发怒 she raged against the cruelty 她怒斥这种残酷行为
oak
    n. 栎树
rebel
    n. 叛徒
    vi. 反抗 be rebel against sth. 反抗某事物
slum
    n. 贫民窟
proclaim
setting
supersonic
    adj. 超音速的
earnest
    adj. 认真的
    n. 认真 in earnest 认真的
            it was now snowing in earnest 雪真的下起来了
hose
stimulate
    vt. 刺激 to stimulate sb. to do sth.
competent
    adj. 有能力的 to be competent to do sth.
                  to be competent at or in sth.
republican
    adj. 共和国的
    n. 共和政体拥护者
cluster
    n. 群
    vt. 聚集 to cluster round or around sth. 聚集在某事物周围
             to cluster together 聚集在一起
stain
    vt. 弄脏;给...染色 to stain sth. with sth. 用某物给某物染色
    n. 污迹 a blood/coffee stain
satire
    n. 讽刺(U);讽刺作品(C) to be the object of satire
be suspicious of
surgeon
mushroom
temper
    n. 脾气 a hot or quick temper 火爆脾气
            to lose one's temper 发脾气
    vt. 缓和,使下降
admission
corrode
    vi. & vt. 受腐蚀;腐蚀 to corrode away 腐蚀掉
                           jealousy corrodes friendship 嫉妒破坏友谊
corridor
    n. 走廊 the corridors of power 权利走廊(指左右决策的权利中心)
nominal
    adj. 名义上的;微不足道的
hypothesis
shrink
    vi. 缩小,萎缩 to have shunk to nothing 已经解体
    vi. 回避 to shrink from sth. 回避某物
kettle
    n. 水壶 to boil the kettle 烧开水

LIST 18

disposal
    n. 处理;出售
    n. 可供使用 at sb.'s disposal 供某人使用
                i'm at your disposal 我听候你的吩咐
refine
    vt. 提炼 the process of refining oil 炼油工序
    vi. 改进 to refine upon sth. 对某物进行润色
episode
relay
    n. 轮换着 the rescuers worked in relays throughout the night 救援人员整个晚上轮班工作
    n. 中继设备
    n. 转播节目 a live/recorded relay 直播节目/录制节目
liver
    n. 肝脏
    n. 以某种方式生活的人 a clean / loose / fast liver 洁身自好/生活放荡/生活纷乱的人
shabby*
prohibit
mortal
    adj. 终将死亡的;致命的 all human beings are mortal 人总是要死的
    adj. 极度的
    n. 凡人 she doesn't talk to ordinary mortals 她是不同凡夫俗子说话的
extinct
    adj. 灭绝的 to become extinct
         不再活跃的 an extinct volcano
plumber*
    n. 管子工
quilt
    n. 被子;床罩
eject
    vt. 喷射;驱逐 he was ejected from the pub 他被赶出了酒吧
calcium*
    n. 钙
shave
    vt. 剃;刨掉
    vt. 削减
calorie*
germ
denounce*
    vt. 告发 to denounce sb. to sb./sth. 向某人/某处告发某人
    vt. 谴责 to denounce sb. as a traitor/thief 斥责某人是叛徒/小偷
announce
    vt. 宣布
    vt. 通报...的到来
invariable
tough
    adj. 坚固的;强壮的;严厉的;坚决的
resort
    n. 招数 without resort to sth. 不借助某物
    n. 独家胜地
    vi. 诉诸 to resort to violence and intimidation 诉诸武力与恐吓
obvious
depress
    vt. 使沮丧;使萧条
tense
bud
colony
    n. 殖民地;群体 a vast colony of ants 一大群蚂蚁
cloak
    n. 披风;掩饰 to be a cloak for sth. 是某事物的伪装
    vt. 覆盖;遮掩 to cloak sb. in sth. 将某人裹在某事物里

LIST 19

tropical
feast
    n. 宴会;盛宴 enough is as good as a feast 足食犹如宴席(知足常乐)
                  a feast of music 一场音乐盛宴
    vt. 设宴招待 to feast sb. on or with sth. 用某物款待某人
belly
    n. 腹部
    vt. 使鼓起
vigorous
    adj. 有力的;坚决的
despise
    vt. 鄙视 to despise sb. for sth. 因某事看不起某人
democratic
    adj. 民主制度的 a democratic constitution/election 民主宪法/选举
slap
marital
    adj. 婚姻的
verse
    n. 诗;韵文 a book of verse 诗集
                to write sth. in verse 用韵文写某物
insulate
    vt. 使隔绝 the apartment block has been insulated against sound 这幢公寓大楼是隔音的
gravity
glow
    n. 光亮;容光焕发;心满意足 the glow of the evening sky 晚霞
                                a warm glow 暖洋洋的感觉
prompt
    adj. 及时的 we would appreciate a prompt reply
    vt. 导致 to prompt sb. to do sth. 促使某人做某事
retire
    vi. 退休 to retire early or prematurely 提前退休
             retiring age 退休年龄
    vi. 退下 to retire from public life 从公众视野中消失
    vt. 使退休 to be compulsorily retired 被强制退休
oath
repression*
    n. 压制 the minister advocated the repression of dissent 这位部长主张压制持不同意见者
conform
    vi. 遵从 to conform with sth. 遵从某事
retain
    vt. 保留 to retain one's composure 保持镇静
peer
    vi. 仔细看 she peered inquiringly at me 她好奇地注视着我
    n. 同等地位的人 to be without peer or have on peer 没有对手
bargain
    n. 协议 to make or strike a bargain 达成协议
    n. 便宜货 to get a bargain 买到便宜货
probe
    vi. 调查 to probe for more information 探求更多的消息
             to probe into sth. 调查某事
    vi. 翻寻 to probe for sth. 翻寻某物
relish*
    n. 享受 to eat / drink with relish 吃/喝地津津有味
    n. 兴趣 he's a peaceable boy and has no relish for fighting 他是个温和的孩子,不喜欢打架
    n. 美味
harassment*
    n. 骚扰 a victim of harassment 被骚扰者
cylinder
versatile
    adj. 多才多艺的
mist
    n. 迷雾
    vi. mist over 蒙上水汽 his eyes misted over with tears 他泪眼模糊
consecutive
    adj. 连续的 for three consecutive weeks 连续3周

LIST 20

leisure
    n. 空闲leisure time
           to do sth. at leisure 不慌不忙地做某事
carrier
    n. 运输公司;带菌者;运输工具
superb
    adj. 极好的;豪华的
inverse*
    adj. 反的 in inverse order 按逆序
contend
    vi. 斗争 to content with or against sth. 应付某问题
    vi. 竞争 she was contending with him for first place 她和他争夺第一名
    vt. 主张 to contend that ... 认为
blast
    n. 爆炸;一阵;突然发出的响声 a blast of wind
gap
stretch
    vt. 撑大
    vt. 铺开;拉紧 to stretch sth. accross sth. 将某物在某物上铺开
                   to stretch sth. on or over sth. 将某物绷紧到某物上
    vt. 耗尽;竭尽全力 to be fully stretched 竭尽全力
obedient
    adj. 顺从的 to be obedient to sb. / sth. 服从某人某事
hound*
    n. 猎犬
flush
    n. 红光
    adj. 完全齐平的 to be flush with 与...完全齐平
voluntary
    adj. 自愿的;无偿的 on a voluntary basis 基于自愿基础上的
                        the volunrary sector 非盈利部门
consultant
    n. 顾问;会诊医师
trigger*
puff
transient
    adj. 短暂的 that transient moment of happiness 那短暂的幸福时刻
    n. 暂住者
pessimistic
    adj. 悲观的 to be or feel pessimistic about sth. 对某事物感到悲观
vinegar
    n. 醋
throne
outfit
    n. 全套服装 a wedding / tennis outfit 一套结婚礼服/网球服
crude
    adj. 粗鲁的;粗略的 crude statistical data 未经处理的统计数据
    adj. 未加工的 crude oil 原油
retrieve*
    vt. 取回;检索;挽回
revolutionary discipline

LIST 21

opera
    n. 歌剧 Peking opera 京剧; soap opera 肥皂剧
rescue
screw
    n. 螺丝 to have a screw loose 有些古怪
            to put the screw on sb. 胁迫某人
    vt. 勒索 to srew sth. out of sb. 向某人勒索某物
parcel
    n. 包裹 a parcel of ...
            part and parcel of sth. 某物的重要组成部分
    vt. parcel out 分配 parcel out sth.
    vt. parcel up 打包
appeal
    vi. 呼吁 to appeal to sb. for sth. / to do sth. 恳请某人给予某物/做某事
    vi. 上诉 to appeal against sth. 不服某事提出上诉
rot
rate
    n. 速度 at any rate 不管怎么说;确切地说;总而言之
    n. 率 interest rate 利率
          in-flation rate 通货膨胀率
tension
    n. 紧张 tension is mounting or there is mounting tension along the border 边境局势日趋紧张
bond
    n. 纽带;镣铐 the experience forged a bond between them 那次经历把他们联系到了一起
                  to break the bond of routine 打破常规的束缚
dissipate*
    vt. 驱散;耗尽;浪费
    vi. 消散;消失
orbit
    n. 轨道;势力范围 to make an orbit round sth. 绕某物运行
    vi. & vt. 绕...运行
sum
    n. 全部 in sum 总之
    n. 款项 a large sum of money 一大笔钱
turbine
    n. 涡轮机 a wind turbine 风轮机
sly
    adj. 狡猾的 that was a sly trick they played on use 那是他们对我们耍的诡计
    on the sly 偷偷地 the boy smoked on the sly
lump
    n. 块;肿块 to get or take one's lumps 吃苦头
    vt. 把...归并在一起 these two things shouldn't be lumped together 这两者不应该混为一谈
artistic
    adj. 艺术的;有艺术天赋的 to have artistic temperament 有艺术家气质
artificial satellite
artificial organ
articulate
dwelling
induce
    vt. 劝说 to induce sb. to do sth. 劝某人做某事
    vt. 导致 to induce sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
rifle
    n. 步枪 to fire a rifle 击发步枪
            a shell leaving a rifle 出膛的子弹
    vt. 快速翻查 thieves had broken in and rifled the house
    rifle through vt. 快速翻查
a swarm of
a good dealless

LIST 22

installment
    n. 一期付款;一集 by monthly / annual installments 按月/年分期付款
tube
    n. 管子 to go down the tube or tubes 完蛋
    n. 阴极射线管 the tube 电视
dignity
    n. 高尚;庄重;自尊 the dignity of labour 劳动的高尚
lobby
    n. 门厅,大厅;游说
    vi. & vt. 游说
cereal*
    n. 谷物
endeavour
    vi. 努力 to endeavour to do sth. 努力做某事
    n. 尝试 to make every endeavour to do sth. 想方设法做某事
mere
    adj. 仅仅的 a mere nothing / nobody 不过是区区小事/无名小卒
    adj, 最少的 the mere idea / mention / sight / smell of 一想到/提起/看见/闻到...
coalition*
    n. 联盟 to form / dissolve a coalition 形成/解散联盟
essence
    n. 本质 this is the very essence of jazz 这正是爵士乐的精髓
            of the essence 至关重要的
            in essence 实质上
jam
    n. 拥挤;困境 the traffic jam
    n. 果酱 bread, butter and jam
stiff
    adj. 硬的 to keep a stiff upper lip 不动声色
riddle
    n. 谜语 to ask sb. a riddle 让某人猜谜
comparative
    adj. 相对的 in comparative terms 相对而言
                a comparative study 比较研究
compatible
    adj. 和睦相处的 to be compatible with sb. 与某人和睦相处
    adj. 相符的 you must learn to work at a speed compatible with efficiency 你必须学会工作中兼顾速度与效率
    adj. 兼容的
ward
    n. 病房;受监护人 to be made a ward of the court 由法院监护
    ward off vt. 躲避 to ward of a cold 防止感冒
account
    n. 账号
    n. 叙述,说明 account for sth. 解释...的原因
    on one' s own account 为了自己的利益
    give sb. an account of
    on account of
    take... into account
    on any account
    account for

LIST 23

::
suppress
vt. 镇压;阻止 the drugs he had to take have suppressed his growth / immune system
assimilate

vt. 吸收 vi. 被同化 to assimilate into sth. 被某事物同化

we hope that the regugees will assimilate into the local community 我们希望难民们能够融入当地的社区
cohesive*
adj. 团结的 a cohesive force 内聚力
barbecue*
  1. 户外烧烤
assumption
  1. 假定 on the assumption that … 根据这一假定
    to make an assumption 做出假定
hut
  1. 棚屋
cushion
n. 垫子 a seat / chair cushion 坐垫/椅垫 n. 缓冲物 a cushion of air 气垫 vt. 使免遭损害 to cushion sb./sth. against or from sth. 使某人/某物免遭某物的伤害
plastic
n. 塑料 adj. 塑料的;易变的;做作的
budget
  1. 预算 to go over / stay within budget 超出/未超出预算
    cut down the budget
  1. 做预算 firms that do not budget properly 预算做得不好的公司
bowel*
  1. 肠 to have upset bowel 肚子不舒服
haul
n. 大批赃物 a haul of jewellery 大批偷来的珠宝 vt. 拖
rail
n. 栏杆;铁轨 to go off the rails 举止怪异;无法正常运行 vi. 怒斥 to rail against or at sth. 愤怒抗议某事物
bonus
  1. 奖金;红利 the company is paying a bonus of 5% on dividends 公司将支付5%的红利
assess
vt. 估算;核定…的金额 to assess sth. at $5,000
magnitude

n. 巨大,广大 the magnitude of this epidemic is frightening 这种流行病传播范围之广令人惶惶不安 n. 重大 of the first magnitude 最重要的

the magnitude of a problem 问题的重要性
pendulum
  1. 钟摆;摇摆不定的趋势 the pendulum of public opinion 舆论的摇摆不定
retreat
n. 撤退 an orderly retreat 有序的撤退 vi. 撤退 to retreat to a safe distance 撤退到安全距离
thrust
n. 猛推 with a power / violent thrust 用力/猛地一推 n. 动力 a new thrust in business development 商业发展的新动力 n. 目的 the main thrust of the policy 政策的主旨 vt. 猛推 he thrust a glass of wine into my hands 他将一杯葡萄酒递到我手里
tan
  1. 棕黄色
unify
vt. 统一 to unify the country 统一国家
cue
  1. 暗示 the cue for sth. / to do sth. 某事/做某事的信号
    to come in on cue 听到提示音就进来
dip
vt. 浸,蘸 to dip sth. in or into sth. 把某物在某液体中浸一下 vi. 俯冲;浏览 to dip into 浏览(书等) n. 下降 a sudden dip in share price 股票价格的突然下降

LIST 24

bruise*
    n. 青肿 covered in bruise 浑身青肿的
access
humiliate*
    vt. 羞辱
appliance
    n. 器具 an electrical appliance 电器
conspicuous
    adj. 显眼的 to be conspicuous in sth. 在某方面引人注目
    adj. 显著的 a conspicuous lack of sth. 某物的明显缺乏
peach
    n. 桃子;惹人喜爱的事物
straw
strife*
    n. 冲突 echnic strife 种族冲突
reconcile
    vt. 使和好;使一致 to be or becomed reconcile with ... 与某人和解
militant*
    adj. 好斗的;交战的 the militant states 交战国
paradise
    n. 乐园,天堂
sigh
    n. & vi. & vt. 叹气;叹气着说
alleviate
    vt. 减轻 alleviate a crisis
stuff
    n. 东西;要素 to know one's stuff 精通业务
empirical
    adj. 以经验为依据的 empirical evidence / research / method
proportion
    n. 部分 a proportion of sth. 某物的一部分
    n. 比例 by a high proportion 高比例地
            to be in / out of proportion to sth. 与某物成比例/不成比例
restrain
    vt. 阻止 to restrain sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    vt. 抑制 to restrain oneself 克制自己
sovereign*
    n. 元首
    adj. 至高无上的;有主权的 a sovereign state 主权国家

LIST 25

swing
    vt. 摆动 the drive swung the car around the corner 司机猛地将车转过拐角
    vt. 使转变 to swing voters away from / towards the party 使选民们转而反对/支持这个政党
tame
    adj. 驯化的,温顺的 to become or grow tame 变得驯顺
pronoun
    n. 代词
allowance
    n. 补贴 financial allowance
    n. 考虑 to make allowance for 考虑到
sponsor
    n. 赞助者 to act as sponsor for sb. 为某人担保
    vt. 资助 a sponsored swim 游泳筹款义赛
gallop
    n. 飞奔 to be at full gallop 以最快速度奔驰
    vi. 快速进展 Japan is galloping ahead in this field 日本在这个领域遥遥领先
spine*
    n. 脊柱;骨气 a person who lacks spine 没有骨气的人
prophet*
    n. 预言者 a prophet of doom 预言毁灭的人
wholesome
    n. 健康的,有益健康的 a wholesome young man 朝气蓬勃的小伙子
comprehension
    n. 理解 this is beyond or above / within my comprehension
grant
    vt. 准予 to grant sb. sth. 把某物准予某人
             he granded him his request 他答应了他的要求
             to take it for granted that ... 理所当然地认为
    n. 拨款 a grant to do sth. 做某事地补助金
essay
    n. 散文
    vt. 试图 to essay sth. 尝试某事
evolve
    vt. 进化;逐步发展 to evolve into sth. 逐步发展成某物
incidence
    n. 发生;发生率
incidentally
    adv. 附带地 who, incidentally, owes me $10? 顺带问一下,睡前了我10美金。
coincide
    vi. 同时发生;相符
immense
    adj. 巨大的,严重的 a project / problem of immense importance 及其重要的项目/问题
harbour
    n. 港口 to enter / leave harbour 入港/离港
    vt. 藏匿,有...居住 to harbour dangerous animals 有危险动物出没
patriotic
    adj. 爱国的 a patriotic song 爱国歌曲
breeze
    n. 微风 in the breeze 在微风中
            a stiff / light breeze 6级/2级风
    n. 轻而易举的事 it's a breeze 这事易如反掌
presume
presumably
    adv. 大概 presumably they will arrive tomorrow
presence
    n. 在场;风度;感觉中的存在物
presently
    adv. 现在;不久
gigantic
    adj. 巨大的
integral
slip
    vi. 滑倒
    vi. 下跌 the Chinese currency slipped 0.4% versus the dollar
    n. 通知单,一片纸 a slip of paper 一片纸
slipper
    n. 拖鞋
slippery
    adj. 滑的;棘手的
emigrate
    vi. 移居国外
ideal
    adj. 理想的 to be ideal for sb./sth. 最合适某人/某物
    n. 典范;原则 the femine ideal 女性典范
scandal*
    n. 丑事 to be involved in a scandal 卷入一桩丑事

LIST 26

succession
    n. 一连串,连续 in succession 连续地
                    for five years in succession 连续5年
    n. 继承 to be fifth in succession to the throne 是王位的第5顺位继承人
radiate
    vt. 散发,流露 she radiate confidence and enthusiasm 她显得自信热情
    vi. 辐射 to radiate from 从...散发出
recite
    vt. 背诵 the poet recited his latest work before an invited andience 诗人为特约观众朗诵了他的著作
clue
repetition
    n. 重复 all musicians learn by repetition 音乐家都是通过重复来学习的
charter
    n. 特许状 to be granted  a charter 获准取得执照
    n. 包租 on charter to ... 被包租给
sheer
    adj. 十足地 it was sheer coincidence / luck 那纯属巧合/完全凭运气
    adj. 陡峭的 the sheer slope
    adv. 陡峭地 the cliff fails away sheer to or into the bay 悬崖笔直地插入海湾
multitude
    n. 大量 a / the multitude of ... 大量...
            for a multitude of reasons 由于种种原因
glare
    n. 怒视 to give sb. a glare 瞪某人一眼
    n. 密切关注 in the glare of publicity 在众目睽睽之下
gaze
    n. & vi. 凝视
recipe
    n. 食谱 a recipe for sth. 某食品的做法
    n. 诀窍 a recipe for business success or for successing in business
orphan
    n. 孤儿 a little orphan girl / boy 父母双亡的小女孩/小男孩
immerse
    vt. 浸泡 to immerse sth. in sth. 把某物浸泡于某液体中
    reflexive v. 专心于(某事) to immerse oneself in sth.
immerse in
queer
    adj. 古怪的;不舒服的 it's very queer that ... 非常可疑的是...
                          to come over / feel queer 突然感到眩晕/觉得不舒服
    adj. 同性恋的
fling
    vt. 扔 she flung her book at him, but missed 她把自己的书朝他掷去,但没有打中
    vt. 猛推 he flung his opponent to the ground 他把对手摔倒在地
    vt. 使突然陷入 to fling sb. into confusion 使某人陷入困惑
divorce
    n. 离婚;分离 to file / sue for divorce 起诉离婚
                  the divorce between the material and spiritual worlds 物质世界和精神世界的分离
    vt. 与...离婚;使分离
discrepancy*
    n. 差异
observe
    vt. 注意到;观察 to observe sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    vt. 遵守 we observed an one-minute silence 我们默哀了一分钟
reinforce
    vt. 增加;强化;证实
commence
    vi. 开始 to commence with a song 以一首歌开始
    vt. 开始 to commence doing sth. 开始做某事
commerce
    n. 贸易 to be or work in commerce 从事商贸
dismiss
    vt. 对...不予考虑 dismiss sth. as
                      we dismissed that story as an idle rumour 我们认为那种说法是毫无根据的谣言而不予考虑
    vt. 解雇 to be dismissed from one's post 被免职
    vt. 让...离开 to dismiss the class 下课
pump
    n. 泵,抽水机 the pump of blood to the heart 血液向心脏的输送
    vt. 向...灌输 to pumb sth. into sb.

LIST 27

lateral
    adj. 侧面的,横向的 lateral artery 测动脉
                        lateral move 横向移动
counsel
    n. 劝告 to follow sb.'s counsel 听从某人的建议
    n. 律师 counsel for the defence / prosecution 辩护/公诉律师
    vt. 建议 to counsel sb. to do sth.
sneeze*
    vi. 打喷嚏 it is not to be sneezed that ... 这不可小视
alienate
    vt. 使疏远 to be alienated from society 与社会脱节
raid
    vi. 空袭;突然搜查;抢劫 a raid on sth. 对...的突袭/突击搜查/抢劫
exchange
    vt. 交换,交易 to exchange sth. for sth.
                   【考】 stock exchange
    n. 交换 in exchange for ... 作为对...的交换
    n. 争论 a heated / an angry exchange 激烈/愤怒的争吵
cable
    n. 电缆 cable TV
restore
    vt. 恢复 to restore sb.'s sight 恢复某人的视力
reckon
    vt. 认为 to reckon that...
             reckon with
             reckon on
disrupt*
    vt. 使中断,扰乱
hierarchy*
ozone
    ozone layer
pyramid
thrift*
    n. 节俭 to practise or exercise thrift 厉行节俭
pine
concern
    n. 担心 It' s no concern of yours.
    vt. 与...有关;担忧 as/so far as sb. is concerned
                        be concerned with
                        concern oneself with

sauce
    n. 调味汁 hunger is the best sauce 饥饿是最好的调味料
fable
    n. 寓言;谎言 to tell fact from fable 辨别真伪
legislation*
    n. 法律

LIST 28

ferry
    n. 渡船 by ferry 乘渡船
frustrate
    vt. 阻挠;挫败 to frustrate sb.'s plans
spur
    vt. 激励 to seek to spur more economic activity 寻求刺激更多经济活动
consequence
    n. 结果 as a consequence of ...
            in consequence 因此
pharmacy*
    n. 药房
subordinate
    adj. 低级别的 to be subordinate to sb.
    vt. 使服从于
bizarre*
    adj. 古怪的 bizarre clothes 奇装异服
in vain
layman*
    n. 外行
porcelain
    n. 瓷;瓷器 a piece of porcelain
inaugurate
    vt. 使...就职
compass
    n. 指南针;范围
dock
inclusive
    adj. 全包括的 sth. inclusive of sth.
                  large and all inclusive
prone*
    adj. 俯卧的 to lie prone
ecology
    n. 生态学
gallon
    n. 加仑
evaporate
    vi. 蒸发

LIST 29

scatter
    vi. 撒 The farmers scattered seeds in the field.
van
    n. 货车
vanity
    n. 虚荣 to flatter sb.'t vanity 满足某人的虚荣心
literature
entitle
    vt. 使享有权利 to be entitled to sth. / to do sth.
eloquent
    adj. 雄辩的;意味深长的 an eloquent smile
barber
    n. 理发师
latter
    adj. 后半期的 in his latter years 在他的后半生
scramble*
    vi. 爬 to scramble up / down the slope 爬上坡/爬下坡
    scramble for
murmur
    n. 连续低沉的声音 a low murmur of voice
    murmur against
excel
    vi. 突出 to excel at or in sth.
torture
    n. 酷刑 suffer torture from
campaign
    n. 战役;运动
household
    n. 一家人 the whole household
              one-parent household
ore
    n. 矿石
recipient*
    n. 接受者 welfare recipient 接受福利救济的人
flatter
    vt. 奉承 to flatter sb. on or about sth. 就某事讨好某人
             flattering remarks
military hardware
    军事装备
consult
    vt. 咨询 to consult sb. about sth. 就某事请教某人
gear
    n. 用具 fishing/cooking gear 渔具/炊具

LIST 30

porch
    n. 入口处 in the church porch 在教堂的门廊內
conscience
    n. 良心 to have no consicence 没有良心
paradox
magnify
    vt. 放大,夸大 to magnify sth. to 10 times its size
bin*
    n. 垃圾箱;容器 put or throw it in the bin 把它扔到垃圾箱里去
sue
    vt. 控告 to sue sb. for negligence 控告某人玩忽职守
premise*
    n. 假定 on the premise that ...
bully*
    n. 小霸王
    vt. 威吓 to bully sb. into doing sth. 胁迫某人做某事
profile
    n. 侧面;形象 to maintain or keep a high / low profile 保持高/低姿态
peninsula
    n. 半岛
crucial ★
    adj. 至关重要的 to be crucial to or for sth.
initiate
    vt. 开始;使加入;传授 to initiate sb. sth.
stem
    n. 根茎
    vi. 起源 to stem from sth. 起源于
nutrition
lorry
    n. 卡车
mourn
    vt. & vi. 哀悼
sweat
    n. 汗 to be covered in sweat 浑身是汗
draft
education reform
summit*
    n. 山顶;巅峰 the summit of his career
    n. 首脑会议 an economic / a peace summit 经济/和平峰会
precision
    n. 清晰,精确 with precision 精确
                  precision instruments 精密仪器
precise
    adj. 清晰的 to be precise ... 确切地说
    adj. 恰好的 at the pricise moment 就在这时候
depreciation
    n. 贬值 to face more depreciation pressure (货币)面临更大的贬值压力
appreciate
    vt. 感谢 an early reply would be appreciated 如蒙早复,不胜感激
progressive
    adj. 逐步的 a progressive illness 逐渐恶化的疾病
    adj. 进步的 a progressive school / education 先进的学校/教育
congress
    n. 代表大会 to hold a congress on sth.
heroine
    n. 女英雄
criminal
    n. 罪犯
    adj. 犯罪的 the criminal elements in society 社会上的犯罪分子
                criminal activities
volcanic activities

LIST 31

jet
trait
    n. 特点 a positive / negative trait 正面的/负面的性格特点
notion
    n. 观念 to have a notion that... 认为
notable
    adj. 著名的 notable figures
pave the way for
buzz
    n. 嗡嗡声;谣言 what's the buzz? 都在嚼什么舌呢?
    vi. 发出嗡嗡声 buzz about/around
without permission
commodity
    n. 商品 commodity price index 商品价格指数
intercourse
    n. 交流 social / business intercourse 社交/生意往来
shrug*
production
    n. 生产 mass production 批量生产
productive
    adj. 高产的,富有成效的 【考】 productive resources 生产资源
consumption
    n. 消费【考】 production and consumption
            fuel consumption
    n. 接受 for public consumption 让公众了解
summon
    n. 召唤 to summon sb. to do sth.
    summon up vt. 鼓起 to summon up strength / interest 使出力气/提起兴趣
exposure
    n. 揭发;暴露;受寒 exposure to the wind and sun 经受风吹日晒
                        to receive or get exposure in the media 被媒体报道
tangle*
    n. 缠结;混乱 to be in a tangle 乱作一团
                  diplomatic tangles 外交纠纷
forge
    vt. 伪造 to forge a painting
    vi. 稳步前进  to forge ahead
pierce
    vt. 穿孔于 to pierce a hole in or through sth. 刺穿某物
    vt. 穿透 her screams pierced the night air 她的尖叫声划破了夜空
marvellous
    adj. 令人惊奇的,极好的 to have a mavellous way with animals 对付动物很有一套
crane
    n. 起重机;鹤
    crane forward vi. 探头前往
trifle
    n. 琐事 to waste time on trifles 在鸡毛蒜皮的小事上浪费时间
    trifle with vt. 怠慢 she is not someone to be triffied with! 她这个人可怠慢不得
gauge
    n. 标准厚度 the gauge of a sheet of plastic 一块塑料板的厚度
    n. 测量仪器 petrol gauge 汽油表
    vt. 精确测量;估计
premier
    n. 总理
    adj. 最重要的 of premier importance 头等重要的
oven
    n. 烤箱 to cook in a hot / moderate oven 在烤箱内以高温/中温烹饪
controversial
    adj. 有争议的
cling
    vi. 抓紧 to cling to sb. / sth. 紧紧抓住某人/某物
deceive
    vt. 欺骗 to deceive sb. into doing sth.
             deceive oneself
conceive [kənˈsiːv]
    vt. 想出 i cannot conceive that he would simply take the money 我无法想象他会就那么把钱拿走了
    vt. 怀有 to conceive a hatred for sb./sth. 对某人/某事怀恨
    vi. 想出 【考】 to conceive of doing sth. 想出做某事
perceive
    vt. 察觉 he preceived a change in her attitude 他注意到她的态度发生了改变
    vt. 把...看作 to preceive it as a threat
vibrate
    vi. & vt. 颤动,使颤动

LIST 32

ascertain
    vt. 查明 it has not yet been asvertained that ...
reservation
    n. 预定 to make a reservation for a double room 预定一个双人间
    n. 保留意见 I support this plan without reservation 我毫无保留地支持这个计划
    n. 居留地 a wildlife reservation 野生动物保护区
workshop
    n. 车间;研讨班 a poetry workshop 诗歌研讨班
electrician
    n. 电工
electronic
    adj. 电子的 electronic cash register 电子收银机
commute
    vi. 通勤 to commute between A and B 上下班往返于A与B之间
    vt. [Law] 减轻
jog
    vt. 轻推;刺激 to jog sb.'s memory 唤起某人的记忆
    n. 慢跑健身;轻推 to give sb. a jog 轻推一下某人
zinc
cease
    vi. 停止 without ceasing 不停地
    vt. 停止 to cease to be important 不再重要
    n. 停止 without cease
safeguard
dwarf*
    n. 侏儒
    adj. 矮小的
atmospheric
    adj. 大气的;有氛围的 atmospheric pressure 大气压
undesirable
    adj. 不受欢迎的,令人不快的 it's undesirable for sb. to do ... 某人做...是令人讨厌的
corporation
helicopter
    n. 直升机
bloom
    n. 花;盛开 to be in the bloom of youth 正值豆蔻年华
    vi. 开花;处于繁盛时期
tribe*
    n. 部落;大群 a primitive tribe 原始部落
acquire
    vt. 获得;习得 to acquire a taste for sth. 养成对某事的喜好
inspiration
    n. 灵感
    n. 启发灵感的人
caution
    n. 小心 to drive with caution 小心驾驶
    n. 警告 to sound a note of caution 发出警告提示
    vt. 警告 to caution sb. against sth.
bore
    bear
    vt.&vi 钻孔 to born into or through sth.
assault
    vt. 袭击 to be identically assaulted 遭到猥亵
    n. 袭击 to launch an assault to the enermy
lung
    n. 肺部 lung cancer
gum
    n. 树胶;胶 chewing gum
    vt. 在...上涂胶 to gum sth. to or onto sth. 把某物沾到某物上
evacuate*
    vt. 撤出,撤走 to evacuate sb. from / to somewhere 把某人从某地疏散/疏散到某地

LIST 33

sophisticated
    adj. 老练的;复杂的
uproar
    n. 骚动 the meeting ended in uproar 会议最后激起了一片义愤
triple
    adj. 三倍的
    vi. & vt. 增至三倍
toll
    n. 通行费 to pay a toll 缴纳通行费
    n. 伤亡人数;毁坏 death toll
                      to take its toll on sb./sth. 对某人/某事产生恶果
uneasy
    adj. 忧虑的;令人不安的;不容易的
stroke
    n. 一击 he cut the
    n. 举动 a bold stoke 大胆的举动
sprinkle
    vt. 洒 to sprinkle sth. over sth. 把某物洒到某物上
    n. 少量 a sprinkle of rain 一阵小雨
alien
    n. 外侨;外星人 alien from
    adj. 陌生的;不相容的 to be alien to sb. / sth. 与某人/某事格格不入

wage
    n. 工资 a legal minimum wage 法定最低工资
            the wages of sin is death 罪恶的代价是死亡
    vt. 发动 to wage a war against sb./sth. 向某人/某事物开战
insight
    n. 洞悉;洞察力 to gain an insight into sth. 深入了解某事物
resource
    n. 资源 natural / untapped / unlimited resources
    n. 才智;智谋 to draw on one's resources 依靠自己的才智
superiority
    n. 优越性 superiority over sb./sth. 对某人某物的优势
patience
    n. 耐心;毅力 to have no patience with sth.
advocate ★
    vt. 支持
bunch
    n. 束;一群人
benign*
    adj. 和善的,良性的
contempt ★
    n. 蔑视
lace
    n. 花边
gasp
    n. & vi. 喘气
dew
    n. 露水
strain
    n. 压力;劳损
    vt. 使劳损
    vi. 尽力
conception
    n. 概念;设想, 构想 the conception of
tuck
    vt. 把...塞进去 tuck ... into ...
antique*
    n. 古董
    adj. 古代的

LIST 34

accordance
    n. 依照 【考】 in accordance with
association
    n. 协会;联合;友谊 research associations
periodical
    adj. 周期性地
    n. 期刊
testify
    vt. & vi. 作证;证明  【考】 testify to
testimony
    n. 证词;证明
prolong
hum*
    vi. 发嗡嗡声;活跃
    n. 嘈杂声
amplifier
    n. 放大器
proposal
    n. 提议;建议;求婚
proposition
    n. 主张,提议
    n. 任务 running a marathon is a serious proposition 跑马拉松可不是闹着玩儿的
redeem ☆
    vt. 赎回;弥补;履行;救赎
legacy*
    n. 遗产
    adj. 老式的
malignant*
    adj. 恶意的
doorway
    n. 门道;门路
invest
    vt. 投资;投入;使就职 invest... in
    vi. 投资;花钱
damn
    vt. 诅咒;使注定失败;严厉斥责
    adj. 该死的
    adv. 非常
interim*
    n. 在此期间 in the interim
    adj. 临时的;期中的 an interim position
organ
    n. 管风琴;器官;机关 By law, the board is the company' s most powerful organ.
instruments
    n. 器械 measuring instruments
    n. 乐器
    n. 促成某事的人/手段 strategic instruments 战略工具
pail
    n. 桶,一桶
conceal
    vt. 隐藏;隐瞒 conceal sth. from sb.

LIST 35

nitrogen
    n. 氮
hop*
    vi. 单脚跳行;短途旅行
        hop in/ into 突然/快速去某处;
        hop out (of) 突然/快速离开某处
knob
    n. 球形把手;按钮
lawn
    n. 草坪
correspond
    vi. 相符 correspond with 符合, 一致
    vi. 通信 correspond with sb. about sth.
correspondence [ˌkɒrəˈspɒndəns]
    n. 相似 There was some correspondence in temperament between the two actresses
    n. 通信 commercial correspondence 商业信函
protein
    n. 蛋白质
outrage*
    n. 愤慨;暴行
    vt. 激怒;冒犯
estate
    n. 财产;人生阶段;政治阶层 real estate
pregnant*
    adj. 怀孕的;意味深长的
technological innovation
hypocrisy*
    n. 伪善
ultimate
    adj. 最终的;极度的
    n. 最好的事物
lap
    n. 大腿部
    vt. 舔食
    vi. 轻轻拍打;重叠
latent
    adj. 潜在的
laundry
    n. 洗衣店;熨烫的衣服
mutual
  adj. 相同的;共同的;关系对等的
avail
  n. 有用 of / to no avail
  vt. 利用某事物 avail (oneself) of
captive
  n. 俘虏
  adj. 被俘虏的;被控制的
postpone
  vt. 推迟

LIST 36

universal ★
    adj. 普遍的 universal language.
    n. 一般概念
tide
    tide sb. over sth. vt. 帮助某人挺过去
ambulance
tolerant
    adj. 宽容的;耐...的
proceeding
    n. 诉讼;过程;会议记录 the proceedings of the meeting
congratulate
    vt. congratulate sb. on
sneak*
    vi. 溜 sneak out / away
    vi. 打小报告
bump
    vi. & vt. & n. 撞;使碰撞;碰撞
    bump against / into 撞上
    bump along / down 颠簸而行
species ★
    n. 种
lure*
    vt. 引诱
    n. 诱惑力
panorama*
    n. 全景
conquer
    vt. 占领;克服;成功攀登
conquest
    n. 征服;控制;被俘虏的人
hinder
    vt. 妨碍
equator
    n. 赤道
adequate
    adj. 足够的;能胜任的;过得去的
bait*
remedy
    n. 治疗药物;改进措施
    vt. 补偿
weld
    vt. 焊接
    n. 焊接点
ethnic*
    adj. 种族的
apt
    adj. 容易的;恰当的
condemn
    vt. 谴责;证明...有罪;迫使...接受困境
deputy
    n. 副手;代理

LIST 37

ditch
    n. 沟
    vt. 迫降
engage
    vt. 吸引;雇佣;使噬合
    vi. 从事;处理;交战 engage with sb./ sth.
physiology
    n. 生理学
at one' s convenience
copper
    n. 铜
industrialize
    vt. 使工业化
    n. 工业化
nest
    n. 窝
    vi. 筑巢
palm
    n. 手掌;棕榈树
    palm off sth. 骗卖
heighten
    vt. & vi 加高;增强
stumble
    vi. 绊脚 stumble across / upon
    vi. 结结巴巴地说话
humble
    adj. 谦逊的;卑微的 a humble job
                        humble pie 赔礼道歉
    vt. 使...感到卑微
pint
    n. 品脱;品脱杯
cabin
    n. 小木屋;房仓 a first / tourist class cabin 头等/二等仓
commonplace
    adj. 普遍的;平淡无奇的
    n. 寻常事物;陈词滥调
acrobat*
affiliate
    vt. & vi. 使隶属;并入
    n. 附属机构
chamber
    n. 卧室;大厅;议院;腔
obstruct*
    vt. 阻塞;妨碍
destructive [dɪˈstrʌktɪv]
    adj. 破坏性的;消极的
infrastructure*
    n. 基础设施 industrials infrastructure
                the energy and telecom infrastructures
frog
    n. 青蛙
inhibit*
    vt. 抑制;妨碍
exile*
    n. 背井离乡者;流放
    vt. 流放
formula
    n. 惯用语;分子式;公式
    the three-fifths formula gave the slave states an additional political weight in Congress 五分之三公式使奴隶州在国会中更多的政治影响力
liner
    n. 邮轮;衬套
medieval*
    adj. 中世纪的;原始的

LIST 38

meadow
    n. 草地
kneel
    vi. 跪下
fabricate
    vt. 伪造;制造 fabricated metal industry 金属制造业
fabric
    n. 织物;基础结构
weird
    adj. 怪异的
doctrine
    n. 教义,学说
lodge
    n. 门房;地方分会集会处
    vt. 为...提供住宿;正式提出;存放
gloomy
    adj. 阴暗的;令人悲伤的
spot
    n. 点,斑点;地点;罚球点
    hot spot
    on the spot 当场,
merchandise
    n. 商品
    vt. 买卖;推销
grocer
    n. 食品杂货商
refuge
    n. 庇护;慰藉;避难所
boast
    vi. 自夸 boast of / about
    n. 夸耀 make a boast of
streamline
chew
    vt. 咀嚼;不停地啃 chew sth. over 仔细考虑
social
    social status 社会地位
chef*
    n. 厨师;主厨
disgust
    n. & vt. 厌恶;使厌恶
somewhat
    adv. 有点

LIST 39

weed
    n. 野草
reed
    n. 芦苇
prosper
cultivate
    vt. 耕作;培养;逐渐形成;结交
perilous
    adj. 危险的
shudder
    vi. 颤抖;强烈震动 shudder at the thought,
robe
    n. 长袍;(标识级别、地位的)礼服
religion
    n. 宗教;宗教信仰
religious ★ [rɪˈlɪdʒəs]
    adj. 信教的;宗教的;肃穆的
ancestor
    n. 祖先;原型
misery
miserable
salient ☆
    adj. 显著的
patrol
    n. 巡逻;巡逻队
recede
    vi. 后退;渐渐远去;渐渐模糊;变秃
fake*
bald
manifest
    adj. 明显的
    vt. 清楚现实;证明
    n. 货单
limb
    n. 肢体;主枝
proficiency
    n. 熟练 proficiency in
racial
    racial conflict
inherent
dwell
    vi. 居住 dwell on

LIST 40

hoist
    vt. 升级;举起 to hoist sth. into position 把某物抬到位
    n. 升降机
spouse*
    n. 配偶
outset
    n. 开始 at the outset 起初
            from the outset 从一开始
upset
    vt. 使苦恼 it upset him that nobody had bothered to tell him about it 谁也没把这件事亲告诉他,这让他很不高兴
    vt. 使肠胃不适 too much rich food upsets the digestion 吃太多油腻食物会导致消化不良
    n. 混乱;意外失败 a big Conservation upset 保守党的意外失败
offset
    vt. 抵消 to offset sth. against sth. 用一事抵一事
    n. 抵消 as an offset to sth. 作为对某事的补偿
closet*
    n. 壁橱;储藏室 to bring sth./sb. out of the closet 公开讨论某事/某人
    adj. 隐秘的
refrain*
    n. 副歌;一再重复的话 the constant refrain of his friends 朋友们的口头禅
    vi. 忍住,节制 to refrain from sth. / doing sth. 克制某事/做某事
spacecraft
    n. 太空船
soluble
assure
    vt. 向...保证 to assure sb. of sth./that... 向某人保证某事/...
    vt. 弄清 to assure onself that ...
    assured income plan 保证收入计划
reassure*
    vt. 使安心 to reassure sb. about sth. 消除某人对某事的担忧
compliment
    n. 赞扬;致意 to pay sb. a compliment on sth. 在某事物上称赞某人
    vt. 称赞
complementary
    adj. 互补的,配套的 to be complementary to ... 与...相辅相成
sprout
plot
    n. 小块土地;密谋 a terrorists' plot 恐怖分子的密谋
collide
    vi. 碰撞;冲突 I collide with the tree
                   to collide over tax cuts 在减税方面意见不一致
magistrate*
    n. 地方法官
rebellion
    n. 叛乱 a rebelion against sth.
solution
    n. 解决方案;溶液 in solution 处于溶解状态
fare
    n. 担忧;可能性 no fare 绝不
opt*
    vi. 选择 to opt sth.
             to opt to do / no to do sth.
dizzy
    adj. 头晕目眩的;困惑的 to be dizzy with sth. 对某事不知所措
hazard
    n. 危险 a fire hazard 火灾隐患
            noise hazards
            at some hazards
    vt. 使冒风险;试着说出 to hazard one's life 冒生命危险
toxic*
quench
culprit
    n. 犯错的人;问题的根源
commonwealth
    n. 联邦
impart*
    vt. 传授 to impart sth. to sb. 向...传授
    vt. 带来 wine imparts elegance to a meal 葡萄酒能给进餐带来优雅的气氛
impact
    n. 冲撞;影响
impair
    vt. 削弱
implicit
    adj. 含蓄的;内在的 implicit consent or agreement 默许
                        to be implicit in sth. 暗含于...
                        the values implicit in the school ethos 校风中蕴含的价值观
    adj. 绝对的
implication
    n. 暗示 by implication 暗指地
            the implication is that ... 含义是 ...
    n. 可能的结果 to have serious or grave implications to for sth. 对某事可能产生严重后果
imperial*
    adj. 帝国的
imperative*
    adj. 迫切的 to have an imperative desire to do sth. 急欲做某事
                it's imperative that ...
impetus [ˈɪmpɪtəs]
    n. 动力 under its own impetus 依靠自身惯性
    n. 推动力 a finicial impetus to industrial development 促进产业发展的财政因素
impose
    vt. 强制实行 to impose sth. on sb. 将某事强加于某人
                 to impose a sentence of five years on sb. 判处某人5年徒刑
    vi. 利用 to impose on sb's kindness/hospitality 利用某人的仁慈/好客
imply
    vi. 暗示;意味着 to imply that...
                     rights imply obligations 权利意味着义务

LIST 41

petty
    adj. 琐碎的;小气的;次要的
peel
    n. 皮
    vt. 去掉...的皮
strip
    vt. 脱掉...的衣服;除去
behalf
    n. 代表 on behalf of
bang
    n. 突然的巨响;猛击
    vt. 猛撞 bang against / into...
extent
    n. 大小;严重性;程度 to a certain extent 在一定程度上
                          to some extent
autonomy*
genius
    n. 天才人物;天资 a genius for... 有…
                      a man of genius
adore*
    vt. 敬爱;宠爱
tutor
    n. 家庭教师;大学导师
    vt. 当...的老师/导师
waterfall
    n. 瀑布
chancellor*
    n. 名誉校长;大臣;总理
wedge
    n. 楔子
biased
remark
    n. 言论;注意 to make some remarks
    vt. 评论
arrogant*
    adj. 傲慢的
instinct
    n. 本能;直觉
scenery
    n. 风景;舞台布景
statute
    n. 成文法;章程
oriental
    adj. & n. 东方的;东方人
glitter
    n. 闪光;魅力
    vi. 闪闪发光
mutton
    n. 羊肉
spoil
    vt. 毁掉;宠坏
    vi. 变质
    n. 赃物

LIST 42

 considerate
     adj. 体贴的,考虑周到的
 considerable
     adj. 相当大的;重大的 a man of considerable ability
 bolt
     n. 插销;螺栓
     vi. 猛跑
 chin
 banquet*
     n. & vi. 宴会;赴宴
 aesthetic
     adj. 审美的;美观的
 solitary*
     adj. 独自的;孤单的;唯一的
     n. 独居者,隐士
 kidney
     n. 肾;腰子
 preface
     n. 序言;开场白
     vt. 为...写序言/做开场白
 surface
     n. 表面;水面;外表 to work at the surface 在地面工作
                         at the surface 在水面
 severe ★
 brittle
     adj. 易碎的;脆弱的
 scrutiny*
     n. 仔细检查
 pavement
 crown
     n. 王冠;[Law]公诉方
 indignant
     adj. 义愤的
 indignation
     n. 愤慨
 emphasis
     n. 重要性;重音 place / put / lay an emphasis on 强调
 blunt
     adj. 钝的;率直的
     vt. 使变钝
 catastrophe*
     n. 灾难,劫难
 indicate ★
     vt. 指示;暗示;表明
 indicative
     adj. 指示的;陈述的 to be indicative of sth. 表明某事
 mingle*
     vt. 使混合
     vi. 混合;交往
 garlic*
     n. 大蒜
 bracket
     n. 圆括号;托架
     vt. 把...放入括号;把...归为一类
 guilt
 journal ★
     n. 期刊;日记
 steward
     n. 乘务员;管理员;管家
 sideways
     adj. 向旁边的
     adv. 向旁边;侧身
council
     n. 理事会;地方议会 UN Security Council 联合国安理会
 urgent ★
     adj. 紧急的;迫切的
 aggravate
     vt. 使恶化;惹恼 to aggravate poverty 加剧贫困

LIST 43

tumour
    n. 肿瘤
expansion
    n. 膨胀;增长 rate of expansion 增长率
blouse*
    n. 女衬衫;军装上衣
hesitate
artery*
outlet
    n. 出口;商店;出路
lineal
    adj. 直系的 a lineal descendant 直系后裔
plague
    n. 瘟疫;灾祸;讨厌的人
    vt. 困扰;纠缠
dread
    n. 恐惧;可怕的事物
    vt. 惧怕
stubborn
    adj. 固执的;难去除的 be stubborn about/ doing sth.
handicap
    n. 残障;障碍;(比赛中的)不利条件
    vt. 致残
fleet
    n. 舰队
    n. the fleet 海军
renovate
    vt. 翻新,修复
ponder*
    vt. & vi. 仔细考虑
amateur
    n. 业余爱好者;外行 an amateur performance 业余演出
perish
    vi. 死亡;腐烂
cherish
    vt. 珍爱;怀有
molecule
    n. 分子
diameter
contemplate*
    vt. & vi. 深思
spill
    vi. & vt. 溢出
solemn
    adj. 严肃的;郑重的
chase
    vt. 追赶;驱赶;求爱
fringe*
    n. 刘海
    adj. 非主流的
    vt. 装饰...的边缘

LIST 44

badminton
    n. 羽毛球运动
bomb
    n. 炸弹;大笔钱
    vi. 疾驰
horsepower
manpower
    n. 劳动力;兵力;人力
bleak
    adj. 荒凉的;凄惨的;暗淡的 a bleak desert
                                a bleak future
raw materials
instantaneous
    adj. 瞬间发生的
menace*
    n. 威胁;讨厌的人
    vt. 对...构成威胁
margin
    n. 页面空白;边缘;幅度 by a large margin
mastery
    n. 技艺精湛;精通;控制
masterpiece
    n. 代表作;典范
academic
    academic achievements
    academic study
collapse
    vi. 倒塌;累倒;垮掉
relieve
    vt. 减轻;救济;接触 relieve her of her suitcase
concise
    adj. 简洁的;简略的
monetary
    adj. 货币的 looser monetary policy 更宽松的货币政策
overwhelm
    vt. 吞没;压垮;战胜
nickel
utmost
    adj. 最大的;最远的
    n. 极限
intend
    vt. 想要;计划;意指 intend to do / doing sth
neutron
    n. 中子
nostalgic
    adj. 怀旧的,伤感的
refusal
    n. 拒绝;优先取舍权
era
    n. 纪元;时代

LIST 45

persuasive
    adj. 有说服力的
specialize
    specialize in
tractor
    n. 拖拉机
feasible
    adj. 可以的;可能的
contemporary
    adj. 同时代的
    n. 同时代的人
napkin*
    n. 餐巾纸
 kidnap
    n. & vt. 绑架
 rod
    n. 杆 【考】 fishing rod
assembly
    n. 人群;立法机构;集会
convince
    vt. 说服;使...信
convict
    vt. 判决...有罪
ribbon
retail
    n. retail price
oxygen
arrogant
    adj. 傲慢的
victim
    n. 受害者
superior
    adj. 上等的;级别更高的 be superior to
savage
    adj. 残暴的;极度的;未开化的 savage behavior
    n. 未开化的人
canoe
tedious
    adj. 单调乏味的

LIST 46

rap
    n. 敲击;刑罚
    vt. 敲击;严厉批评
    rap out 厉声说出
    rap music
onion
leaflet
temporary employment / work
disperse
    vi. 消散
    vt. 使消散
    [经济学] dispersed knowledge 分散知识
despatch / dispatch
    vt. 派遣
    n. 公文急件 have an urgent dispatch
                the news dispatch
epidemic
    n. 传染病;蔓延
    adj. 泛滥的
knit
    vt. 编织;使...紧密结合
prick
    vt. 刺穿;刺痛
    vi. 刺痛
saint
    n. 圣徒;圣人般的人
soak
    vt. 弄湿;浸泡;向...敲竹杠
    vi. 浸泡 soak up
graze*
    vt. 放牧;在...放牧
    vi. 吃草;吃零食
addict
    drug addict
    addict oneself to
drought
    n. 旱灾
badge
    n. 徽章;象征
surge*
    vi. 使强烈感受到;急剧上涨;涌动;冲刺
    n. 突发;激增 a surge of anger
render
    vt. 使称为;提供;描绘
hedge
    n. 树篱;防范措施
    vi. 用树篱围住;回避;对冲防止...损失
debate ★
caress*
    n. & vt. 爱抚 a tender caress 温柔的爱抚

LIST 47

dialect
    n. 方言
entail*
    vt. 须要;导致
    [Law] 限定继承
grim*
    adj. 严肃的;严酷的;坚定的;阴森的,恐怖的 a grim day.
                                                made a grim face
redundant
    adj. 被裁减的;多余的
resident
    n. 居民;住客 urban residents
    adj. 常住的;住在任所的 a resident doctor 住院医师
attendant
    n. 服务员;陪伴员 the flight attendant 航班乘务员
    adj. 伴随的;侍奉的 These thoughts, with their attendant visions, occupied her. 这些想法,和随之而来的愿景,占据了她的脑海。
prestige*
    n. 威望
    adj. 有声望的
insect
    n. 昆虫
transaction ★
    n. 交易;办理
    transactions 公报
courtesy
    n. 礼貌;礼貌的举止 by courtesy of 蒙...允许
spiritual
    adj. 精神的;宗教的;心灵的
    n. 灵歌
relevant
    adj. 有关的
homogeneous*
infant
    n. 婴儿;学童
    before n. 初期的 infant school
punch
    vt. & vi. & n. 拳打
warrant
    vt. 证明...正当
    n. 授权令;正当理由 without warrant
self-analysis 自我剖析

LIST 48

syndrome
    n. 综合症;典型特征
roundabout
    adj. 迂回的 in a roundabout way.
    n. 旋转平台;旋转木马
derive ★
    vi. 起源于 derive from
    vt. 获得;衍生 to derive sth. from sth.
elegant
    adj. 优雅的;高雅的
clash
    cultural clash
exaggerate
    vt. & vi. 夸大
swift
orthodox
    adj. 传统的;正统的
isolate
    vt. 使脱离;分离
divine*
    adj. 上帝的,神的 divine will 天意
    vt. 凭直觉发现
dividend*
    n. 彩金 to pay dividends 支付股息
    n. 意外收获,收益 you will find it pays dividend to exercise regularly
division
    n. 分配 division between or among several people 在几个人中的分配
    n. 除法
    n. 部门 the company's sales division 公司的销售部
individual
    adj. 单独的 individual initiative 个人创业
    n. 个人 highly creative individuals 极富创造力的人
pedestrian*
    n. 行人
    adj. 乏味的
kit*
greenhouse effect
rake
    n. 耙
    vt. 耙平 to rake up the old scandal 重提旧丑闻
beast
regarding
    prep. 关于
attorney
    n. 代理人
anguish*
    n. 极度痛苦
fatigue
    n. 疲劳
    vt. 使疲惫不堪
wardrobe*
    n. 衣柜;全部衣服
paperback*
    n. 平装本

LIST 49

capacity
sausage
    n. 香肠
metaphor*
    n. 隐喻;象征
verdict
    n. [Law] 裁决;结论 court verdict
pebble
    n. 卵石
groan
    groan with pain
plead
    vi. & vt. 乞求;声援;[Law] 为...辩护 plead for / against
cruise*
    vi. & vt. 乘船游览;轻松获取;徘徊
intrinsic*
    The intrinsic value
facilitate
    vt. 促进,加快
readily ★
    adv. 乐意地;容易地 I readily let my best friend borrow my car.
sacred
    adj. 神圣的;受尊崇的;庄严的 the sacred love
auxiliary
    adj. 辅助的
    n. 辅助者
circus
    n. 马戏;喧闹的场面
accelerate
recreation
    n. 娱乐 recreation area
            open-air / outdoor recreation
    n. 再现
overhear
    vt. 无意中听到
outing*
    adv. 在外面;熄灭;公开
    n. 短途旅行
annoy
    vt. 惹恼;打扰
momentum*
    n. 动量;动力 to gain or gather/lose momentum 势头增强/减弱
                  the Chinese economy has lost momentum this year following government efforts to try to rein in high levels of debt
    gain / gather momentum

LIST 50

eminent*
    adj. 名声显赫的;杰出的
confront ★
    vt. 面对;与...对证
cash
    n. 现金 to pay in cash
            cash register 收银机
coupon*
discriminate
    vi. 区别对待;歧视
frown
renew
    vt. 重新开始;续签;更换
naive
simplicity
    n. 简单 voluntary simplicity 自求简朴 (= simple life)
simplify
    vt. 简化
virtue
    n. 美德;优点;贞操 by virtue of sth. 由于某事
freight
    n. 货物;货运;运费
    vt. 以货运运输
rotten
    adj. 腐烂的;堕落的;糟透的
    adv. 很大程度上
application
    n. 申请;应用 application for
ignorance
    n. 不知情;蒙昧
jug
    n. 壶;大罐;监狱
sniff*
    n. & vt. 以鼻吸气 sniff out 闻出,查出
champagne*
idiom
    n. 成语
synthetic
    adj. 合成的;虚伪的 synthetic fabrics 合成纤维
                        synthetic subject 综合学科
grasp
    n. & vt. & vi. 抓紧;紧握;理解 grasp what he has seen.

LIST 51

stitch
    n. 一针;缝线;突然剧痛
    vt. 缝
resumé
riot*
    n. 骚乱;丰富多彩 a riot of colors
    vi. 发生骚乱
essential
    adj. 完全必要的;本质的
    n. 必需品;基本要素
distribute
purify
make an abstract of
conspiracy*
    n. 阴谋 to accuse sb. of engaging in a conspiracy
stalk*
    n. 茎;饼状物
    vi. 昂首阔步
elapse*
    vi. 流逝
slit
    n. 窄缝
    vt. 割开;切成条
survey
obsession
    n. 着迷;执念
razor
    n. 剃须刀
glide
    n. & vt. & vi. 滑行
exception
    n. 例外 with the exception of 例外,不包括...在内
committee
    n. 委员会 in committee 由委员会审议中
patrolling in the sector.
remarkable
    adj. 出色的,引人注目的 remarkable
terminate
    terminate a contract
brace
    n. 支架;梏具
    vt. 用...抵住;加固
illiterate
    adj. 文盲的;行文拙劣的
bacterium
    n. 细菌 bacteria
be response for...

LIST 52

aisle
    n. 走道
sack
    n. 大口袋;开除;床
    vt. 解雇
average
    at the average of
    on average
    on (the / an) average
parachute
preliminary
    adj. 初步的;预赛的
comprehend
donate*
fierce
    the fierce fighting
subsidy*
    n. 津贴
bulletin
    n. 简要新闻;简报;公告
haste
    in haste
    make haste
barrier
    n. 障碍
aviation
    n. 航空
parallel
    run parallel to / with
    Jane have parallel answers to this question.
adjoin
cunning
substance
    n. 东西;(违法的)药物;实质;事实基础
strap
    n. 带子;绷带
    vt. 用带子固定
symphony
    n. 交响乐;(色彩的)和谐
semester
    n. 学期
pension
    n. 养老金;退休金
steak
    n. 牛排
preceding
    adj. 在先的 on the preceding day
census
    n. 人口普查;统计调查

LIST 53

violence
    n. 暴力;猛烈 school violence
                  to resort to violence 诉诸暴力
shallow
    adj. 浅的 in shallow water
    adj. 浅薄的 a shallow mind
concentrate
    vi. & vt. 全神贯注,集中 to concentract on sth.
    n. 浓缩物
couch
    n. 长沙发
tub
    n. 盆;花盆;浴缸
fuse
    n. 保险丝;导火线
    vt. & vi. 熔接
athlete
ease
    n. 容易 with ease 轻易地
            for ease of use 便于使用
    n. 轻松自在 at ease with sb. / sth.
assassinate
    vt. 暗杀
spite ★
    n. 恶意 from / out of spite
   【考】 in spite of 不管
          in spite of the fact of ... 尽管
    vt. 故意惹恼
scrap
    n. 碎片,点滴;少量;废料
    vt. 报废;取消
mute
unity
    n. 整体性;一致;联合 unity of purpose 目标的一致
anxiety
    n. 焦虑;令人焦虑的事 to feel anxiety about sth.
critic
    n. 评论家
distinct
    adj. 清晰的;确定无疑的;不同的
    a distinct achievement
    to be distinct from sth.
quartz
    n. 石英
initiative
    n. 主动性;主动行为;主动权
    at one's own initiative
machinery
    n. 机械;机件;机构
reflection
    n. 反射;影像;反应;深思
    on reflection 深思熟虑
    on further reflection
squeeze
    vt. 挤,榨,拧;使收到挤压

LIST 54

regime
    n. 政权;管理体制 to establish / overthrown a regime
institution
    n. 习俗;社会福利机构;金融机构;知名人士;设立
    an educational institution 教育机构
    religious institutions 宗教机构
    a long-established institution 长期形成的惯例
    Trading in ivory has become an institution in this part of Africa. 象牙贸易已成为非洲这一地区的惯例。
debut ☆
    n. 首次亮相
dynasty
    n. 王朝,朝代
bare
    adj. 裸露的;光秃秃的
barely
    adv. 仅仅,几乎不
    barely 强调 程度
    rarely 强调 频率,
addition
    in addition 另外
    in addition to 除...之外
endorse
    vt. 支持;认可;宣传
snack
    n. 快餐;小吃
boom
    n. 隆隆声;繁荣 baby boom 婴儿潮
compact
    adj. 坚实的;小巧紧凑的;简洁的 a compact narration
    n. 协议 to make a compact 达成协议
democracy
    n. 民主政体;民主国家
amiable*
    adj. 亲切友好的
wrinkle
spokesman
salvation*
    n. 得救;拯救 I get so depressed about life, work is my only salvation.
loan
    n. 借款;借用 approve a loan
    【考】 on loan 借用 to be on loan to sb./sth. 借给某人/某机构
exclusive
    adj.. 高档的;独有的 an exclusive interview
    n. 独家新闻
ballot
    n. 投票表决;投票,选票
polar*
    adj. 极地的;截然对立的 Mary' s opinion on this issue was polar to Tom' s.

LIST 55

intense
    adj. 强烈的;紧张的;热切的
intensity
    n. 强烈 to speak with intensity
axis
script
    n. 脚本;剧本 a neat and precise script 简洁、精确的剧本
gamble
    n. & vi. 赌博;冒险
    vt. 以 ... 为赌注
    gamble away 输光
    a gambling house
    gamble in stocks
highway
    公路 the highway code
eyesight
    n. 视力
delivery
    n. 发送;分娩 a difficult delivery 难产
delegate*
    vt. 委托;委派
    vi. 授权
    n. 代表
depict
    vt. 描画
liberate
    vt. 解放;解救;释出
indispensable
    adj. 不可或缺的
affluent*
    adj. 富裕的
    n. 富人
exhibit
    vt. 展出;表现出;[Law] 当庭出示
    n. 展览品;展览;证件
tanker
    n. 邮轮;油罐车;空中加油飞机
dismay
    n. 惊愕 to one' s dismay
    vt. 使惊愕 be dismayed at
oblige
    vt. 强迫;帮助
    vi. 有帮助
obliged
    adj. 感激地 to be obliged to sb. 感激某人
bid

LIST 56

revelation*
    n. 披露;被暴露的真想
suffice*
    vi. 足以;足够
    vt. 满足...的需要
brisk
    adj. 轻快的;干练的;兴隆的;干冷的 The young girl' s walk is brisk.
    a brisk argument
    a brisk business
odds
    n. 投注赔率;可能性 seize the odds
                        by all the odds 毫无疑问,按惯例
    n. 不和 to be at odds over sth. 在某事上意见不合
odd ★ [ɒd]
    adj. 古怪的;奇数的 odd number 奇数
racket
    n. 球拍
    n. 吵闹声
strenuous*
    adj. 繁重的,费力的 no strenuous exercise after eating.
drastic
    adj. 极端的,剧烈的 take a drastic step
skyscraper
    n. 摩天大楼
compel
    vt. 强迫 to compel sb. to do sth.
queue up
    vi. 排队 to queue up to do sth.
inquiry
    n. 询问;调查;打听
    scientific inquiry
    historical inquiry
    intellectual inquiry
    = enquiry
tank
    n. 容器;一箱
    tank up 给...加满油
headline
philosophy
    n. 哲学;理念
vacant
hygiene
    n. 卫生 in the interests of hygiene 为卫生起见

LIST 57

whip
    n. 鞭子
    vt. 抽打;煽动
flock
    n. 畜群;聚集
    a flock of seagulls
    a flock of new ideas
shiver
concrete
    n. 混凝土
    adj. 具体的,有形的
technician
    n. 技师;技术精湛者
distract
    vt. 使分心;转移注意力 to distract sb. from doing sth.
adverse*
    have adverse effects
comet
wreck
smog
sleeve
juvenile*
raise eyebrows
postage
vest
resolute
be faced with resolute opposition
evoke*
burglar*
mutter

LIST 58

hamper
reliance
in connection with/ to
【考】 in brief
cucumber
as cool as a cucumber
constituent
【参】 disgrace (n. 丢脸, 耻辱) cabinet
a Cabinet Minister
bullet
inn
suffer from
scarce
will be arriving presently.
symposium
choke
nerve
get on one' s nerves
have a/ the nerve
depart
tremble
tremble with
treaty
sign a treaty
minored in math
contagious ☆
snobbish
alloy

LIST 59

ridiculous
acquisition
mergers and acquisitions
acquisi- tion of
disposition
salute
distort
toil ☆
convention
settlement
alternate between A and B
exploit
dispute
in dispute
dispute with
poll
tropic*
turbulent
jaw
declare oneself
optimistic attitude
hostile
aspire*
polish
abundant in
appropriate ★
nuclear
troll (e) y

LIST 60

rid
【考】 get rid of
at the mercy of...
stress ★
monotonous
virus
smallpox virus
remove the virus of prejudice
despair of
intrude*
intrude your opinions on the rest of us.
facility
explicit
give explicit directions
mercury
magnificent
encyclop (a) edia
superfluous
microphone
anchor
glory [ˈ
spicy*
physicist
arbitrary
squirrel
deplore
withhold
furnace
thermometer
reserve

LIST 61

rip*
comedy
at intervals 不时,
perpetual
tease
fry
business cycle
fore [f
realistic
stroll*
flare
【考】 flare out 突然
flare up
gracious
distinguish between
distinguish... from...
【考】 frequency composition
helmet
deliberate
sentiment
share the same sentiments
enclosure
rust
strive
steer
steering wheel
peculiar
valid
restraint

LIST 62

self- restraint
luxury
inhale*
penetrate
optical [ˈ
reign
    vi. 为王 to reign over a country 做一国君主
relief
sophomore
loom*
looming danger
seminar [ˈ
orchestra [ˈ
eccentric*
We often hear of people breaking down from overwork, but in nine cases out of ten they are re- ally suffering from worry or anxiety.
journalist
corrupt
feeble
suburb
integrity
coward
【考】 a frame of reference
breach*
endow*
react against
pledge
sustain
sustain hardships
shove*
sulfur/ sulphur [ˈ

LIST 63

quiver
sow
outline ★
beard
reap
discern
discern good and evil.
doom
be doomed to (do) sth.
intermediate
bulb
private property 私人
财产; private school
diligent
agitate
agitate against
agitate for
layoff
layoff problems
massive
vapo (u) r
constrain*
cord
tragic
fossil
daunt
rival ★

LIST 64

sympathy ★
in sympathy with
signify
It doesn' t signify,
lottery*
lapse*
on the horizon
intersection*
carriage
prominent
editorial
ingredient
crow
Jovons saw the kettle boil and cried out with the delighted voice of a child; Marshal too hadseen the kettle boil and sat down silently to build an engine.
slot
infer
infer from
utilise/ utilize
preposition
repel
foul*
a foul smell.
a disgusting man with foul language.
heroin
ambition
fulfill one' s ambition
fiscal
obesity
submerge
suspicion

LIST 65

under suspicion
symptom
【考】 in session 正在 开会 silicon [ˈ
be inclined to do sth.
poster
attain power
prose*
absolute trust
absolute zero
exceedingly
delicate
analog (ue)
integrated circuit
transistor circuit
precede*
dinosaur
acute
an acute observer
discharge
ideology*
office blocks
inspire
occupy oneself with/ in
preclude*
exotic*
stun*
【考】 in debt
bowling*
talk nonsense
inevitable

LIST 66

monument
acquaintance
fantastic (al)
fantastic novel
dean*
wag (g) on
slide
lounge
suck
tempo
at a fast tempo.
carpenter
overtake
remainder
目的 strategic objective
be objective about sth.
pasture
gulf [g
shepherd
interior
interior decoration
interior design
interior designer
chorus
in chorus
oppress

LIST 67

grin*
foster*
a foster home.
leap
Look before you leap.
embark
【考】 embark on/ upon
neutral
a neutral position
elastic
circulate
intimidate*
chop
pest
stir
stir up
stir one' s coffee
appraisal
entertain
moan
keep/ hold pace with
hearing ★
hearing loss
The defendant' s parents were present at the hearing.
zebra
zebra crossing
explosive
an explosive situation
cricket

LIST 68

voltage
believe in ghost
tug
exemplify
racial conflict
overnight
evade*
cradle
reel
fireplace
launch
launch a variety of campaigns
flaw
sacrifice
personal sacrifices
sacrifice for/ to
threaten
additional/ extra fund
mutual fund
trust funds
基金; federal funds
foreign funds
government- funded
publicly- funded
的; privately- funded
emergency funding
tactics
paddle
hospitality

LIST 69

anticipate
unanimous
morality [m
scratch
from scratch
traitor
cafeteria
statesman
fluent
scarcely
spiral*
flee
prejudice
legend
prey
prey on
receipt
The candidates are being screened.
certify*
heritage
cultural heritage
avenue
the avenue to success
rejoice
anecdote*
a brief anecdote.
ambassador
be capable of
radius
hail

LIST 70

marble
displace
I displaced a joint in my knee while running.
patent
patent holder
patent office
【考】 leading actor 主角
ridge
spear
county
susceptible*
puppet
economic puppet
colleague
vicious
magnet
resolution
resultant
The resultant warming
fluctuate
be dependent on
elementary school
elementary- particle
applause
tumble
moral
saturate*
vicinity
plaster

LIST

legitimate*
refugee*
depressed
monopoly
beverage*
simulate
refute
refute an opponent
rehearse
hammer
the profit motive
dull
coil
faculty
rigid
weave
skeptical ★
extravagant
an extravagant price
turkey
colonel
brook [br
stab
outskirts
on the outskirts (of)
inform sb. of/ about sth.
nasty
a nasty movie.
wreath

LIST

brass
transcend*
turnover
allege
sculpture*
scent
blade*
trench
spit
tow
cocaine*
formidable*
defect
pathetic*
The assignment is too difficult for the students
acid
sulfuric acid 硫酸
alliance
in alliance with
lag
lag behind
criterion
refund*
refund a ticket
fair comparison
by comparison
permanent
roast
sphere
sham*

LIST

lyric
The rebellion has been crushed.
scattered
tenant
deficiency disease
ape
appetite
courtyard*
breed
infrared
coherent
a coherent explanation
curse
violate
zigzag
evolution
plantation
engagement
strengthen
embrace
parliament
pose your idea
The impostor posed as the president
enthusiastic [ɪnˌθjuːziˈæstɪk]
mortgage [ˈmɔːgɪdʒ]
notorious [nəʊˈtɔːriəs]
parasite [ˈpærəsaɪt]
confidential [ˌkɒnfɪˈdenʃl]
sincere [sɪnˈsɪə]
marine [məˈriːn]

LIST

nephew [ˈnefjuː]
naughty [ˈnɔːti]
apart from

boycott [ˈbɔɪkɒt]
drive license
theft [θeft]
alphabet [ˈælfəbet]
scarf [skɑːf]
litter
a litter of 5 puppies.
sponge
slight
The editor examined the proofs carefully for mistakes.
amplify [ˈæmplɪfaɪ]
renaissance* [rɪˈneɪsns]
capsule [ˈkæpsjuːl]
bypass operation
confess [kənˈfes]
lash [læʃ]
prudent* [ˈpruːdnt]
astronaut [ˈæstrənɔːt]
overpass [ˈəʊvəpɑːs]
plight* [plaɪt]
muscular [ˈmʌskjələ]
cite [saɪt]
adolescent [ˌædəˈlesnt]
adolescent period
mug [mʌg]

LIST

I got mugged when I had a walk in the park last night.
controversy* [ˈkɒntrəvɜːsi]
barn [bɑːn]
学科 名称
meteorology 气象学
skeleton [ˈskelɪtn]
horn [hɔːn]
bureaucracy* [bjʊəˈrɒkrəsi]
hysterical [hɪˈsterɪkl]
greedy [ˈgriːdi]
conscientious [ˌkɒnʃiˈenʃəs]
therapy [ˈθerəpi]
sour [saʊə]
sensation [senˈseɪʃn]
The prominent politician was quite a sensation at the banquet.
scholarship [ˈskɒləʃɪp]
rational [ˈræʃnəl]
passive [ˈpæsɪv]
gossip [ˈgɒsɪp]
saddle [ˈsædl]
finite [ˈfaɪnaɪt]
resemblance [rɪˈzembləns]
dimension [daɪˈmenʃn]
resolve ★ [rɪˈzɒlv]
resolve on...

LIST

resolved
insurance ★ [ɪnˈʃʊərəns]
accident insurance
life insurance
drum [drʌm]
clay [kleɪ]
regulate [ˈregjuleɪt]
regulate the traffic
regulate your watch
discreet* [dɪˈskriːt]
discreet questions
gross [grəʊs]
gross income
such gross kind of behavior.
infinite [ˈɪnfɪnət]
Weep no more, no sigh, nor groan. Sorrow calls no time that' s gone.
bid for independence
internal ★ [ɪnˈtɜːnl]
apparatus [ˌæpəˈreɪtəs]
mechanic apparatus
persuasion [pəˈsweɪʒn]
dial [ˈdaɪəl]
disaster [dɪˈzɑːstə]
the air disaster
physician ★ [fɪˈzɪʃn]
confusion [kənˈfjuːʒn]
pigeon [pɪdʒɪn]
toss [tɒs]

LIST

radar screen
reciprocal* [rɪˈsɪprəkl]
poultry [ˈpəʊltri]
reputation [ˌrepjuˈteɪʃn]
fracture [ˈfræktʃə]
starve [stɑːv]
witness [ˈwɪtnəs]
stagger* [ˈstægə]
stagger to one' s feet
departure [dɪˈpɑːtʃə]
optimum* [ˈɒptɪməm]
tender [ˈtendə]
tender for
scenario ☆ [səˈnɑːriəʊ]
furious [ˈfjʊəriəs]
botany ☆ [ˈbɒtəni]
word puzzles
territory [ˈterətri]
industrial giants
ignite [ɪgˈnaɪt]
civilise/ civilize [ˈsɪvəlaɪz]
treason [ˈtriːzn]
pursuit ★ [pəˈsjuːt]
The writer devoted all his life to the literary pursuit.
resent [rɪˈzent]
diabetes ☆ [ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz]
revolve [rɪˈvɒlv]
revolve around... 绕…
enroll [ɪnˈrəʊl]
feudal [ˈfjuːdl]

LIST

shorthand [ˈʃɔːthænd]
reluctant [rɪˈlʌktənt]
plunge [plʌndʒ]
plunge into (使)
velvet [ˈvelvɪt]
hollow [ˈhɒləʊ]
hollow words.
retort* [rɪˈtɔːt]
striking [ˈstraɪkɪŋ]
exclaim [ɪkˈskleɪm]
expel [ɪkˈspel]
expel sb. from the school
diagram [ˈdaɪəgræm]
chronic [ˈkrɒnɪk]
a chronic underachiever.
nowhere near
independent of 独立
lens [lenz]
contact lens
premium* [ˈpriːmiəm]
premium system
elite [eɪˈliːt]
surpass [səˈpɑːs]
compassion* [kəmˈpæʃn]
nourish [ˈnʌrɪʃ]
fortnight [ˈfɔːtnaɪt]
brilliant [ˈbrɪliənt]
liberty [ˈlɪbəti]
at liberty

LIST

bulk [bʌlk]
in bulk
cope ★ [kəʊp]
alumin (i) um [ˌæljuˈmɪniəm]
porter [ˈpɔːtə]
disastrous [dɪˈzɑːstrəs]
unprecedented.
erupt [ɪˈrʌpt]
tune ★ [tjuːn]
tune in (to sth. )
energetic [ˌenəˈdʒetɪk]
energy- intensive
sarcastic* [sɑːˈkæstɪk]
chap* [tʃæp]
brake [breɪk]
annual [ˈænjuəl]
the editor in chief of the annual.
snatch [snætʃ]
miniature* [ˈmɪnətʃə]
rub [rʌb]
rub out
fragrant [ˈfreɪgrənt]
excerpt* [ˈeksɜːpt]
missile [ˈmɪsaɪl]
franchise ☆ [ˈfræntʃaɪz]
universal adult franchise
ivory ☆ [ˈaɪvəri]
cemetery* [ˈsemətri]
jealous [ˈdʒeləs]
be jealous of

LIST

municipal business
clergy* [ˈklɜːdʒi]
gut* [gʌt]
paralyze/ paralyse [ˈpærəlaɪz]
yield ★ [jiːld]
yield to
blossom [ˈblɒsəm]
predominant [prɪˈdɒmɪnənt]
catch/ get a glimpse of
whirl [wɜːl]
escalate* [ˈeskəleɪt]
thereof [ˌðeərˈɒv]
in detail
statue* [ˈstætʃuː]
orchard [ˈɔːtʃəd]
昨天 去 果园 帮助 农民 摘苹果 了。 practitioner* [prækˈtɪʃənə]
tariff [ˈtærɪf]
    n. 关税
    v. 征收关税 US tariffs on more than $250 billion of Chinese exports
superficial [ˌsuːpəˈfɪʃl]
ceremony [ˈserəməni]
ankle [ˈæŋkl]
伤了脚 踝。 recruit [rɪˈkruːt]
scare [skeə]
casual clothes
inject with...
military mission
urgent mission
ministry [ˈmɪnɪstri]
tackle [ˈtækl]
jewel [ˈdʒuːəl]

LIST

masculine* [ˈmæskjəlɪn]
security alarms
witch [wɪtʃ]
enclose [ɪnˈkləʊz]
subtle ★ [ˈsʌtl]
sci 知道 conscious a. 意识到 的 rack [ræk]
rack one' s brains
embody [ɪmˈbɒdi]
precaution [prɪˈkɔːʃn]
oval* [ˈəʊvl]
empire [ˈempaɪə]
awkward [ˈɔːkwəd]
self- conscious 有
science fiction
niece [niːs]
laboratory ★ [ləˈbɒrətri]
sway [sweɪ]
opaque [əʊˈpeɪk]
phone interview
accent [ˈæksent]
superstition* [ˌsuːpəˈstɪʃn]
【考】 a patent holder
bewilder [bɪˈwɪldə]
cargo [ˈkɑːgəʊ]
turmoil ☆ [ˈtɜːmɔɪl]

LIST

mosquito [məˈskiːtəʊ]
n. 算术 distress [dɪˈstres]
stock ★ [stɒk]
laughing stock
in stock
out of stock
stockholder
stockmarket
sympathetic [ˌsɪmpəˈθetɪk]
creep [kriːp]
ritual* [ˈrɪtʃuəl]
adapt... for
irritate [ˈɪrɪteɪt]
shed [ʃed]
shed light on sth.
curb* [kɜːb]
accountant* [əˈkaʊntənt]
ascend [əˈsend]
royal [ˈrɔɪəl]
the royal family
hitherto [ˌhɪðəˈtuː]
【考】 rear- view mirror
enquire/ inquire [ɪnˈkwaɪə]
ethic ☆ [ˈeθɪk]
recession ☆ [rɪˈseʃn]
【考】 keep abreast of
accede [əkˈsiːd]
adept
aeronautics [ˌeərəˈnɔːtɪks]
affinity [əˈfɪnəti]

LIST

airborne [ˈeəbɔːn]
akin [əˈkɪn]
allegation [ˌæləˈgeɪʃn]
allergic [əˈlɜːdʒɪk]
anatomy [əˈnætəmi]
annex
antagonist [ænˈtægənɪst]
anthropology [ˌænθrəˈpɒlədʒi]
currency
    n. 货币 to risk further weakening China's currency 有进一步削弱中国货币的风险

China is pumping more cash into its economy as the trade war heats up

https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/08/economy/china-rrr-cut/index.html

free up
释放 China’s central bank said Sunday that it would move to free up 750 billion yuan ($109 billion) for new lending in an attempt to prop up growth 释放7500亿元人民币(1090亿美元)用于新增贷款以试图支撑经济增长
the amount of money banks are required to keep in reserve
银行被要求保留的储备金 It’s the fourth time this year it has cut the amount of money banks are required to keep in reserve, but analysts say the problems run deeper.
Shanghai Composite Index
上证指数